States Current Affairs – 2018

First-ever tribal atlas of Odisha released

Odisha Government has unveiled first-ever ‘Tribal Atlas of Odisha’, a compilation of demographic and cultural information of the tribal population in the state. It is claimed to be first-of-its-kind tribal compilation in the country. The book was published by SC and ST Research and Training Institute in collaboration with Academy of Tribal Language and Culture (ATLC).

Tribal Atlas of Odisha

The compendium gives comprehensive and valuable information on tribal regions in state and key demographic indicators like literacy, sex ratio and education. It also showcases tribal art, culture, dialects and much more in about 60 map formats and other visuals. The book displays salient features about tribal population of Odisha with series of specialized maps, charts and diagrams. It also has corresponding graphs and diagrams portraying distributional aspects of tribal population, tribal habitats, ecological setting, their socio-cultural attributes such as linguistic, dialectical affinity, sex composition, literacy and economic aspects of communities living across the state.

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As per Census 2011, Odisha has second highest tribal population in the country after Madhya Pradesh. The state’s tribal population is primarily found in Mayurbhanj, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Rayagada, Kandhamal, Koraput, Keonjhar and Gajapati districts.

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Public Affairs Index 2018: Kerala tops list of best governed States for third time

According to Public Affairs Index (PAI) 2018, Kerala tops the list as best-governed state in the country followed by Tamil Nadu. The index was released by the think tank Public Affairs Centre (PAC). Kerala has topped PAI as the best-governed state for the third consecutive year since 2016 among large states

Key Facts

Large States: Kerala has topped the list, followed by Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat. Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar ranked the lowest, indicating higher social and economic inequalities in the states.

Smaller states (with population less than two crore): Himachal Pradesh topped the list followed by Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura. Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya were ranked at bottom of the index among small states.

2018 PAI also included separate index on children of India, giving measure of how child-friendly each of the states are. In this category of providing better living conditions for all children, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Mizoram topped the index

Public Affairs Index (PAI)

The index is released since in 2016 by Bengaluru base Public Affairs Centre (PAC), a not for profit think tank which aims to improve governance in India. It is based on 10 themes, 30 focus subjects and 100 indicators, relying solely upon government data. It covers wide range of themes such as support to human development, social protection, essential infrastructure, women and children, crime, law and order, delivery of justice, transparency and accountability, environment, fiscal management and economic freedom.

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