States Current Affairs - 2019
Current Affairs 2019-2020 of all States with latest updates. Current Affairs will list latest developments, issues in all states and may be useful for State PCS / Civil services examinations of various states of India.
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The North-Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram celebrate Statehood Day celebrated statehood day on February 20. Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrated the 32nd and 47th Statehood Day respectively.
The Statehood to Mizoram was the culmination of the struggle led by Mizo National Front (MNF), a political organisation born in 1961. MNF took to armed insurrection and raised uprising against the Government, attacking the government installations at Aizawl, Lunglei, Chawngte, Chhimluang and other places demanding sovereign independence of Greater Mizoram.
In 1967 MNF was banned by the government of India and this further fuelled the armed agitation led by the MNF. Mizoram was declared Union Territory in 1972. But it did not satisfy the protestors demanding separate statehood.
The Memorandum of Settlement was signed between the Mizo National Front and the Indian Government on June 30, 1986, where the Mizo National Front surrendered arms and immediate arrangements were made to solidify Mizoram as a full-fledged state in India. Consequently, the Indian Constitution was amended through the Mizoram State Act, 1986 and the Mizoram state came into existence.
Initially, Arunachal Pradesh was directly under the Governor of the provincial government of Assam. After the constitution came into being the Government of Assam was relieved of its responsibilities of the North East Frontier Agency and the powers were vested in the Governor of Assam, a constitutional post and an agent of the President of India.
NEFA was re-named as Arunachal Pradesh and subsequently, in 1972 Arunachal Pradesh became the Union Territory of the Republic of India.
In the year 1975 Arunachal Pradesh Council was converted into a Provisional Legislative Assembly and a council of ministers was appointed for Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh attained full statehood on 20 February 1987 after the passing of the Constitution 55th Amendment Act.
The government of Punjab has sought an apology from the British government for the JallianwalaBagh massacre. A resolution demanding an apology from the British government was passed unanimously from the Punjab Assembly.
Resolution of Punjab Assembly
The resolution passed unanimously by the Punjab Assembly states:
- The tragic massacre of innocent protesters in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on April 13, 1919 remains one of the most horrific memories of British colonial rule in India.
- This shameful military action against locals peacefully protesting against the oppressive Rowlatt Act has since received worldwide condemnation.
- Proper acknowledgement could only be by way of a formal apology by the British government to the people of India, as India observes the centenary of this great tragedy.
The resolution unanimously recommended the state government to take up this matter with the government of India to impress upon the British government to officially apologise for the massacre of innocent people at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar.
UK condemns avoids Apology
In 2013, then British Prime Minister David Cameron visited Jallianwala Bagh. He had voiced regret over the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and referred to it as a ‘shameful event in British history’.
In 2017 London Mayor Sadiq Khan’s called for an official apology on the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Thereafter UK Foreign Office stated that government has “rightly condemned” the “deeply shameful act” in British history in the past and had invoked the regret expressed by then PM David Cameron in 2013.