States Current Affairs - 2020

Current Affairs 2019-2020 of all States with latest updates. Current Affairs will list latest developments, issues in all states and may be useful for State PCS / Civil services examinations of various states of India.

Public Safety Act: Former CM of J&K Omar Abdullah released

On March 24, 2020, Former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Omar Abdullah was released from detention after 7 months. He was booked under Public Safety Act and was kept under detention since August, 2020.

Highlights

When the GoI abrogated Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, Union Government had kept several local leaders of the state under detention.

Public Safety Act, 1978

The act is a preventive detention law. Under the act, any person can be taken into custody in order to prevent them from acting harmful against the security of the state. The act applies only to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was introduced by the then Chief Minister Sheikh Abdullah.

The act was passed to stop from smuggling timber. The act is very similar to the National Security Act.

After bifurcation of Jammu Kashmir, the Public Safety Act was one of the very few acts that was retained under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019.

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Supreme Court seeks immediate floor test from Madhya Pradesh State Government

On March 17, 2020, the Supreme Court of India issued notice to the Madhya Pradesh State Government to conduct a floor test. A bench headed by Justice Chandrachud issued the notice.

What is the issue?

Jyotiraditya Scindia, who lost 2019 election in Madya Pradesh ended his 18 years association with Congress party and joined BJP. Following this, 16 Members of the Legislative Assembly who won elections with congress ticket submitted their resignation letter to the speaker of the assembly. The assembly commenced for the budget session recently. The speaker accepted their resignation.

Now, there is a question of majority in the house for which when appealed by the MLAs to the SC, the apex court has ordered for a floor test.

Floor Test

The Floor test is conducted in order to prove majority of a government. The Chief Minister or Prime Minister moves vote of confidence. If he gains majority support, he continues to remain in power else he has to resign.

Scindia

The Scindia family ruled the princely state of Gwalior. Jivajirao Scindia (grandfather of Jyotiraditya Scindiya) was the last Maharaja of princely state of Gwalior. His son Madhavrao Scindia was a titular ruler. The 26th amendment of constitution abolished the official symbols of princely states in the country. This put an end to titles, privy purses and privileges enjoyed.

26th Constitutional Amendment

The 26th Constitutional amendment put an end to the privy purse in India. Privy purse was the payment made by the royal families of princely states to stay integrated with India after independence. At the time of independence there were 555 princely states covering 48% of the area and 28% of the population. The rulers were free to make choice in joining India or stay independent. It was Sardar Vallbhbhai Patel, who initiated unification of the princely states.

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