UPSC Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Current Affairs 2018-2019 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations.
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The International Day of Happiness 2019 was celebrated on March 20 with the theme Happier Together, focusing on what we have in common, rather than what divides us.
International Day of Happiness
International Day of Happiness recognises the importance of happiness in the lives of people around the world. The concept of International Day of Happiness was conceptualised and materialised by UN special advisor Jayme Illien to inspire and spread a happiness movement globally and the first ever international day of happiness was observed on March 20, 2013.
Further to take forward the agenda of Happiness the United Nations has launched the 17 Sustainable Development Goals that seek to end poverty, reduce inequality, and protect our planet which are the three key aspects that lead to well-being and happiness.
Why March 20?
March 20 was chosen for International Day of Happiness 2019 for its significance as the March equinox. March equinox is a universal phenomenon felt simultaneously by all of humankind, and which occurs the moment when the plane of Earth’s equator passes through the centre of the Sun’s disk.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network has released the World Happiness Report 2019. The report ranks countries on six key variables that support well-being: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support and generosity.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network ranks the world’s 156 countries on “how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be”.
Findings of the Report
- Finland topped the index of for the second year in a row and the report notes that Finland has succeeded in generating recipe that’s not dependent on economic wealth.
- Finland is followed by Denmark, Norway, Iceland and The Netherlands.
- The report notes that there has been an increase in negative emotions, including worry, sadness and anger across the world and the overall world happiness has fallen over the past few years.
- None of the world’s major economic powerhouses made it to the top 10.
- The United Kingdom stood at a rank of 15 (from 18 last year), Germany went down from the 15th spot to the 17th and the United States dropped from the 18th to the 19th.
- Japan, Russia and China finished at 58 (down from 54th), 68 (down from 59th ) and 93rd place (down from 86th) respectively.
- India has witnessed a sustained drop with a 140th place this year compared with the 133rd place in 2018.
- India featured in the list of five countries that had the largest drop since 2005-2008 in the index, along with Yemen, Syria, Botswana and Venezuela.
The World Happiness Report offers the world’s governments and individuals the opportunity to rethink public policies and individual life choices, to raise happiness and well-being.
Tags: China • Denmark • Finland • Germany • Iceland • Japan • Netherlands • Norway • Russia • United Kingdom • United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network • United States • World Happiness Report • World Happiness Report 2019