UPSC Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Current Affairs 2018-2019 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations.
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The Ayushman Bharat scheme has two sub-components:
- PM JAY- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana which is a health insurance scheme for 10.74 crore families identified through SECC database.
- Health and Wellness Centres: Delivery of the comprehensive Primary health care through Health and Wellness centres covering prevention, promotion and ambulatory care at the primary level.
Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres
To expand access to Comprehensive Primary Health Care (CPHC), Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs), Sub Health Centres (SHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs) are being strengthened as Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) under the Ayushmann Bharat Scheme.
These Health and Wellness Centres aim to provide preventive, promotive, rehabilitative and curative care for an expanded range of services encompassing reproductive and child health services, communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, palliative care and elderly care, oral health, ENT care, and basic emergency care.
The Health and Wellness centres provide comprehensive primary health care through:
- Expended Service Delivery.
- Continuum of Care – Telehealth/ Referral.
- Expanding HR- MLHP & Multiskilling.
- Medicines & Expanding Diagnostics.
- Community Mobilisation and Health Promotion.
- Robust IT System.
- Partnership for Knowledge & Implementation.
- Financing/ Provider Payment Reforms.
The services in HWCs will be provided through a Mid-level Health Care Provider (MLHP)/Community Health Officer (CHO) who is required to undergo a Certificate in Community Health through IGNOU or public university.
Due to the orthodoxy and parochial nature of Indian Society, males prefer to lay outside the ambit of the family planning and the onus lies on the woman. In order to arrest these tendencies the government of India has undertaken the following steps:
- Vasectomy Fortnight is observed across the country in the month of November to increase awareness on male participation and promotion of male sterilization.
- Training of service providers in No-Scalpel Vasectomy (NSV) has been undertaken to enhance the pool of service providers.
- Condom boxes are set up in facilities to enable people to access condoms in privacy.
- The ‘Home Delivery of Contraceptive Scheme’ has been initiated to deliver contraceptives including condoms to the beneficiaries.
- The compensation for male sterilization has been substantially increased under the Enhanced compensation scheme for sterilization.
- A 360-degree media campaign has been undertaken to underline the role of men in family planning to encourage men to adopt family planning methods.
- Under the Mission Parivar Vikas campaign due attention is paid towards extensive mobilization activities including promotion of male participation and assured vasectomy services.
The national average for the use of male family planning methods (Male sterilization + Condom) is 5.9 % and 13 states have a better participation rate ththe an national average.