UPSC Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Current Affairs 2018-2019 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations.
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Every year World Environment Day is celebrated on 5 June globally. It is celebrated to raise awareness globally about environmental issues and action that has to be taken to tackle them. The day is organized around an annual theme in order to draw attention towards pressing environmental issues.
World Environment Day
- Background: After the Conference on the Human Environment, or the Stockholm Conference in June 1972, the United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution (A/RES/2994 (XXVII)) in December 1972 to designate June 5 as World Environment Day. The date 5 June coincides with the first day of landmark Stockholm Conference. The day was first celebrated in 1974, and since then it is widely celebrated in more than 100 countries and continues to grow to become a global platform for public outreach.
- Theme for the World Environment Day 2019 was ‘Beat Air Pollution’. It has been chosen by this year’s host, China. It is a call for action call to combat the global crisis.
- According to United Nation the ‘Air Pollution’ topic invites people to consider how they can change their everyday lives to reduce the amount of air pollution and what effect their contribution will be towards global warming and on health.
- Globally 9 out of 10 people are exposed to levels of air pollutants that exceed safe levels set by World Health Organization (WHO).
Celebration in India
- On occasion on World Environment Day India reaffirmed its commitment to ensure a cleaner and sustainable planet. It accepted that living in harmony with nature will lead to a better future.
- India is committed to address climate change emergency and to ensure cleaner, greener planet and eco-friendly habitat to our children.
The Environment and SDG
- The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development states the need for global effort to ensure lasting protection of our planet and its natural resources.
- Sustainable Development Goals, in particular SDG14 and SDG15 focuses on protecting under water and on land ecosystems, also to sustainably use marine and terrestrial resources.
Tags: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development • 5 June World Environment Day • Beat Air Pollution • resolution (A/RES/2994 (XXVII)) • SDG14 • SDG15 • Stockholm Conference • United Nation General Assembly • World Environment Day
The Anti-ship version of supersonic cruise missile BrahMos was test fired from the launch complex-3 of Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha.
About BrahMos Missile
- The name BrahMos is formed from names of two rivers i.e. Indian river Brahmaputra and the Moskva River of Russia.
- Manufacturer: The missile is manufactured at BrahMos Aerospace Limited which is a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM).
- Strategic Importance: The supersonic cruise missile is a strategic asset for India as in case of any possible threats from China and Pakistan it would act as deterrence against them.
- Deployed: It has been operationalised in Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF) and Indian Navy.
- Features: It is often described as the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile. It is highly versatile thus can be fired from land, sea and air with a high rate of precision and accuracy. In modern-day complex battlefields, Brahmos has established itself as a major force multiplier with its impeccable land-attack, anti-ship capabilities along with a high rate of precision and accuracy. It also has multi-role and multi-platform abilities.
- Range: The medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile has a strike range of about 290 km.
Tags: Brahmaputra • BrahMos Aerospace Limited • BrahMos missile • BrahMos Missile Test Fired • Defence Research and Development Organisation • DRDO • Indian Air Force • Indian Army • Indian Navy • Integrated Test Range • Major Force Multiplier • Moskva River • NPO Mashinostroyenia • NPOM • World’s fastest supersonic cruise missile