UPSC Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Current Affairs 2018-2019 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations.
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The International Labour Organisation has released the annual World Employment and Social Outlook Trends for the year 2019. The important features of the report are:
- Unemployment rates were anticipated to fall to 4.9% in 2019 and are expected to hold steady into 2020.
- The number of jobless in real terms is estimated to rise from 172 million to 174 million in that time as the labour market expands.
- The unemployment rate increased from 5 to 5.6% between 2008-9, as the fallout of the near total collapse of major markets took hold.
- The report lamented the fact that it had taken nine years to recover from the shock of the 2007/8 global financial crisis.
- The report presents concerns about the female workforce participation rate. The much lower labour force participation of women at 48%, compared with 75% for men means that around three in five of the 3.5 billion people in the global labour force were men.
- After a period of rapid improvement that lasted until 2003, subsequent progress on closing the gender gap in participation rates had stalled.
- 2 billion of the 3.3 billion people in the global labour market worked in informal employment which put their economic security at risk.
- The poor quality of many jobs also resulted in the fact that in 2018 more than one-quarter of workers in low and middle-income countries were living in extreme or moderate poverty.
- The global unemployment among young people (between 15-24) stood at 11.8 per cent, higher than other age brackets.
- The report notes that in line with a stable aggregate unemployment rate, the outlook for men, women and young people with regard to opportunities on the job market is also very stable and further adds that neither the gender disparities nor the labour market challenges faced by young people are expected to abate in the coming year.
- Youth participation in the labour market had been declining steadily for the last 25 years and one of the main causative factors for this was more young people were entering further education.
The report also notes that around 114 million children aged between 5-14 involved in the global labour market and 73 million of them were working in hazardous conditions, according to data from 2016.
On the Sidelines of the Petrotech 2019, the Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan released the guidelines for setting up of Dealer Owned Dealer Operated (DODO) CNG stations in India.
The City Gas Distribution (CGD) entities run by central public sector undertakings will execute these guidelines for the setting up of CNG stations on DODO model in the country.
The features of these new guidelines are:
- Initially, these guidelines would be implemented in over 150 districts of the country.
- Entire plot owned by a private owner shall be developed exclusively for setting up of CNG station and allied commercial activities at the discretion of CGD entity.
- The plot owner applicant desirous of setting up CNG station will have to enter into a long term agreement with CGD entity.
- The CNG equipment (compressor/ cascade/ dispenser, etc.) will be installed and commissioned by CGD entity while adhering to all the statutory rules/guidelines related to fire and safety.
- The dealer is required to arrange all the permissions to set up CNG Station including change of land use, necessary clearance, license, etc. at own expense and cost.
- The dealer shall be paid commission by the concerned CGD entity as per the sales achieved based on the fixed dealer commission.
Objectives of the New Guidelines
The new guidelines will act as an advisory for bringing the uniform system in line with DODO policy which will further help in bringing hygiene and cleanliness in the environment.
The guidelines aim to encourage those with possession of land to join hands with CGD entities in their endeavour to provide clean fuel for the transport sector.
Together with reducing the cost of setting up CNG filling stations for CGD entities the guidelines will provide landowners and investors to become partners in this green drive.
The new guidelines are expected to give a fillip to the CNG business in the country as the easy availability of CNG across the country shall encourage more people to switch to eco-friendly and economical CNG.