UPSC Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Current Affairs 2018-2019 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations.
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Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) is a support scheme of Odisha whose primary targets are small farmers, cultivators and landless agricultural labourers. The scheme involves payments to encourage cultivation and associated activities.
Features of the Scheme
The important features of the scheme are:
- Under the Scheme, Odisha would spend Rs 10,180 crore over three years until 2020-21 in providing financial assistance to cultivators and landless agricultural labourers benefitting 92% of the cultivators in the state and including every category from big farmers to landless cultivators.
- The government would provide Rs 10,000 per family as assistance for cultivation, Rs 5,000 each in the Kharif and Rabi seasons, for five cropping seasons between 2018-19 and 2021-22.
- The financial assistance under the scheme is not linked to the quantum of land owned.
- The scheme also targets landless households, specifically SC and ST families; They will be supported with a unit cost of Rs 12,500 for activities like goat rearing, mushroom cultivation, beekeeping, poultry farming and fishery.
- The Scheme also provides a life insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh and additional personal accident coverage of the same amount for 57 lakh households.
- The Scheme also proposes interest-free crop loans up to Rs 50,000.
The scheme is proposed as an alternative to the demand of farm loan waiver. The scheme strives to target rural activities as a whole by supporting farming on a small scale, sharecropping, fishing and animal herding which doesn’t get covered under loan waiver schemes.
The Supreme Court has dismissed the pleas of the states of Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal, Haryana and Bihar which sought implementation of their local laws regarding the selection and appointment of DGPs.
Dismissing the petition the Supreme Court held that the directions of the court on selection and appointment of DGPs were issued in larger public interest and to protect the police officials from political interference.
Directions issued by the Supreme Court in appointing DGPs
The Supreme Court had issued following directions to the states on appointing DGPs:
- The states and Union Territories are required to send names of senior police officers to the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for being considered as probable candidates for the post of DGPs or police commissioners (as per applicability)
- The UPSC would then prepare a list of three most suitable candidates out of the list of names sent by states and Union Territories.
- The states are free to appoint any one of them as the police chief.
- It is mandatory for the states to send the list of senior police officers to the UPSC at least three months prior to the retirement of the incumbent.
- The UPSC would then form a committee and intimate the state concerned, which in turn will immediately appoint one of the persons from among that list.
However, the Supreme Court had granted some relaxation to the states which already had laws related to appointment of DGPs. The Supreme Court had asked those states to move a plea before it, seeking modification of the order.
States of Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal, Haryana and Bihar had sought the modifications of the Supreme Court order citing their local laws.