UPSC Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Current Affairs 2018-2019 for UPSC IAS / Civil Services Examination. This category comprises the current affairs short notes useful primarily for UPSC preliminary examination and upsc mains as well as state civil services examinations.
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The Outbreak Readiness and Business Impact white paper has been released by the World Economic Forum. The white paper was released by the WEF in collaboration with the Harvard Global Health Institute.
Highlights of the White Paper
The important findings of the report are:
- The number and kind of infectious disease outbreaks have increased significantly over the past 30 years.
- The world has witnessed 200 epidemic events per year since 2011.
- Pandemics will be the cause of average annual economic losses of 0.7 per cent of global GDP i.e. $ 570 billion. This is a threat similar in scale to that estimated for climate change in the coming decades.
- The business risk posed by a new era of epidemic risk can no longer be thought of exclusively and the companies operating globally should take action to mitigate threats posed by epidemics.
Even the WEF’s Global Risks Report 2019 had also flagged concerns over naturally emerging infectious disease threats and risks posed by revolutionary new biotechnologies.
The Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has announced the decision to induct women in Personnel Below Officer Rank, PBOR, role in Corps of Military Police.
The women will be inducted in a graded manner to eventually comprise 20% of total Corps of Military Police. Accordingly, the Army chalked out induction of approximately 800 women in military police with a yearly intake of 52 personnel per year.
Military Police are the corps responsible for the enforcing discipline and the maintenance of law and order in the military environment and for military purposes.
The functions of the Military Police includes policing cantonments and Army establishments, preventing a breach of rules and regulations by soldiers, maintaining movement of soldiers as well as logistics during peace and war, handling prisoners of war and extending aid to civil police whenever required.
Role of Women in Military Police
The announcement is seen as a precursor for allowing the women in combat roles. Army Chief Gen Bipin Rawat had earlier said that the process to allow women in a combat role, currently, an exclusive domain of men was moving fast and initially, women will be recruited for positions in the military police.