Persons in news – Appointments / Elections
- V Shanmuganthan sworn in as the 17th Governor of Manipur and succeeded Dr. Syed Ahmed who had died in late in September 2015.
- Micro blogging site Twitter has appointed its co-founder and interim chief executive officer (CEO) Jack Dorsey as permanent CEO for second time.
- Hoesung Lee from South Korea has been elected Chairman of Inter-governmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC). He succeeds environmentalist R.K. Pachauri of India who had resigned following the sexual abuse scandal in which he was allegedly involved.
- Renowned scientist Shekhar Basu has been appointed as the Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and Secretary of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).
- Oscar-winning composer Allah-Rakha Rahman has been named the Cultural Ambassador for Seychelles for his contribution in enhancing the country’s art and culture development.
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
- Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)-CPN-UML was elected as new Prime Minister of Nepal becoming first Prime Minister of Nepal under its newly adopted secular, republic and federal Constitution.
Ranganath D Mavinakere
- India’s second largest software services firm, Infosys has appointed Ranganath D Mavinakere as new Chief Financial Officer (CFO).
- Kundhavi Kadiresanwas appointed as the Assistant Director (AD) of United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific.
- Justin Trudeau of Liberal Party has been elected as 23rd Prime Minister of Canada. He is eldest son of Canada’s former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau who was in office for 16 years and led the country till 1984.
Vijay Kumar Malhotra
- Vijay Kumar Malhotra has been appointed as President of newly established All India Council of Sports (AICS). With this he became first President of AICS and was given an equivalent rank of a Minister of State (MoS) in the Union Council of Ministers.
- Former Delhi High Court judge Reva Khetrapal has been selected as Delhi’s new Lokayukta. With this, she will become the fourth Lokayukta of Delhi and shall have five years terms as per Delhi Lokayukta and Uplokayukta Act, 1995.
- Samardeep Subandh has been appointed as Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) of homegrown e-commerce giant Flipkart.
- Autobiography of Sam Pitroda named Dreaming Big: My Journey to Connect India has been released. It is written with the help of an American author David Chanoff.
- Senior IAS officer Alok Rawat became first male person to be appointed as member of National Commission for Women (NCW).
Nasser Khan Janjua
- Retired Lieutenant General Nasser Khan Janjua has been appointed as the new National Security Advisor (NSA) of Pakistan.
- US President Barack Obama has appointed veteran Iraq expert Brett McGurk as Special Envoy to the US-led coalition fighting the Islamic State (IS). He is a long-time and most trusted White House adviser on Iraq.
- Luxembourg envoy to the United Nations (UN) Sylvie Lucas has been appointed as the next chair of the Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) of UN Security Council Reforms.
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
- Bidhya Devi Bhandari of the ruling Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist)-CPN-UML has been elected as first female President of Nepal.
John Pombe Magufuli
- John Pombe Magufuli of ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party has won the 2015 Tanzanian Presidential election. With this victory he became fifth President of Tanzania since its independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
- Union Government has nominated Economic Affairs Secretary Shaktikanta Das to the Central Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
2015 Parliamentary elections of Poland
- Conservative Right-wing Law and Justice (PiS) Party and Eurosceptic led by Jaroslaw Kaczynski won the 2015 Parliamentary elections of Poland.
2015 general election of Portugal
- Governing Centre Right coalition parties led by Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho have won the Portugal’s 2015 general election.
- Union Government has appointed senior IRS officer Najib Shah as the Chairman of Central Board of Excise and Customers (CBEC).
Places in News
World’s Highest Terrestrial Research Centre
- DRDO has established the world’s Highest Terrestrial Research Centre near Pengong Lake at Changla in Ladakh. The centre dubbed as Extreme Altitude Research Centre is located at 17,600 feet above mean sea level.
Arch of Triumph
- Islamic State (IS) militants blown up the iconic Arch of Triumph in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. It was a centrepiece of the UNESCO world heritage site of ancient ruins of Palmyra and dated between 193 and 211 AD.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone Amaravati, a new capital city of Andhra Pradesh on the occasion of Dussehra and Vijaya Dashmi. The foundation stone of new futuristic capital city of the state was laid at a grand ceremony held in Guntur district.
- First Car-Free Day was observed in Delhi on 22 October 2015 to encourage the people to use public transport instead of using their cars. It was observed from 7 AM till 12 noon on the stretch connecting Red Fort to India Gate via Delhi Gate and ITO.
- India’s ace shooter Heena Sidhu has clinched a Gold medal in the 10-metre air pistol event of the Asian Air Gun Championships in New Delhi.
2015 Wuhan Open Women’s Doubles Trophy
- Ace Indian tennis player Sania Mirza and her Swiss partner Martina Hingis have won the 2015 Wuhan Open Women’s Doubles Trophy.
2015 MTB Himalaya Title
- Luis Leao Pinto of Portugal has won 2015 MTB Himalaya Title, Asia’s premier mountain biking race for the second time in the Solo Men’s category.
- Shashank Manohar has been elected unopposed as President of Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) for the second term. He belongs to Vidarbha Cricket Association and was elected by Special General Meeting (SGM) of BCCI.
- Sergey Karjakin of Russia has won 2015 World Cup Chess Championship held at Baku, Azerbaijan. In the final match he defeated Peter Svidler (Russia) by 6-4 score.
2015 Women’s Doubles Title of China Open
- The Indo-Swiss pair of Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis has won the 2015 Women’s Doubles Title of China Open.
2015 Beighton Cup hockey tournament
- Punjub National Bank (PNB) has won the 2015 Beighton Cup hockey tournament. It is mainded title of PNB.
- Ace Indian shuttler, Ajay Jayaram has won the 50000 dollar 2015 Dutch Open Grand Prix badminton tournament.
- Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain won 2015 Russian Grand Prix title of Formula One.
2015 China Open (Tennis)
- Men’s Singles title: Novak Djokovic.
- Women’s Singles title: Garbiñe Muguruza of Spain.
- Men’s Doubles title: Vasek Pospisil (Canada) and Jack Sock (US).
- Women’s Doubles title: Sania Mirza (India) and Martina Hingis (Switzerland).
- One of India’s greatest fast bowlers Zaheer Khan has announced his retirement from international cricket with an immediate effect.
2015 Sultan of Johor Cup
- Great Britain won the 2015 Sultan of Johor Cup under-21 field hockey tournament by defeating defending champions India. In the final, India lost to Great Britain in penalty shoot by 3-4 goals score.
- India’s ace tennis player Saketh Myneni has won the 2015 Vietnam Open trophy. In the summit clash he defeated Australia’s Jordan Thompson by 7-5, 6-3 score.
- China’s Xuerui Li has won the prestigious 2015 Denmark Open Badminton Title in the women’s single category. In the final match played at Odense, Denmark, she defeated P V Sindhu of India by 19-21, 12-21 score.
- Ace Indian cricketer Virender Sehwag has announced his retirement from international cricket. This announcement comes after more than two-and-a-half years on from his last appearance in Test match for India in March 2013 against Australia in Hyderabad.
Paragliding World Cup
- India’s first Paragliding World Cup has begun at Bir Billing near Baijnath town in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. Snow leopard is the official mascot of this World Cup.
First World Indigenous Games
- First World Indigenous Games were held in the northern Brazilian city of Palmas.
- Ace Indian archer Abhishek Verma has won Silver medal in the 2015 Archery World Cup Final in the men’s individual compound section.
- India’s ace women archer Deepika Kumari has won the Silver medal in recurve event at the 2015 Archery World Cup Final held in Mexico City.
- Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain has won 2015 United States Grand Prix title of Formula One for the fourth time and also won 2015 World Drivers’ Championship (WDC).
Persons in news: Died
Edida Nageswara Rao
- Renowned Telugu Cinema Producer Edida Nageswara Rao passed away in Hyderabad, Telangana. He had produced numerous landmark movies Telugu Cinema (also known as Tollywood).
- Renowned and bestselling Swedish crime writer Henning Mankell passed away in Gothenburg, Swedan. He was best known for a series of mystery crime novels starring his most noted fictional creation Inspector Kurt Wallander.
- Veteran music director and lyricist Ravindra Jain passed away in Mumbai, Maharashtra. He was a soulful musician and an accomplished lyricist and renowned vocalist and never had let his visual disability hinder his talent.
Dr. Natesan Ramani
- Renowned Carnatic flautist Dr. Natesan Ramani passed away in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He was known for introducing the long flute in Carnatic music and had developed his own inimitable style in the field of flute music especially on Venu flute.
- Veteran Tamil actor, comedian, stage artiste and singer Manorama passed away. In her career spanning almost six decades she had acted in over 1,500 films, 1,000 stage performances and several television series in five languages.
- Acclaimed Egyptian novelist and journalist Gamal al-Ghitani passed away in Cairo, Egypt. He was one of the greatest Egyptian authors of historical and political novels and cultural and political commentaries.
- Renowned Kannada filmmaker Kikkeri Shamanna Lakshminarayana Swamy (KSL Swamy) passed away in Bengaluru, Karnataka. He was popularly known Ravee and was also Kannada film producer, actor and playback singer.
- Bengali film, television and stage actor Pijush Ganguly passed away. His acting career began as a stage actor and later worked in television and films. He had started his television career with TV series Abar Jakher Dhan.
- Renowned Irish-American actress and singer Maureen O’Hara passed away. She was one of the last living stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood of the 1940s and 1950s and was known for playing fiercely passionate but sensible heroines roles.
Gulam Kaderbhoy Noon
- Lord Gulam Kaderbhoy Noon, one of Britain’s most prominent Indian-origin peers and Curry King passed away. He was pioneer in introducing mildly spiced Indian curry cuisine to the high streets of United Kingdom through his entrepreneurial ventures.
Science, Technology & Environment
BeiDou Navigation System (BDS)
- BeiDou Navigation System is 2nd generation of the Chinese navigational system seen as rival to the US’s Global Positioning System (GPS). Recently, China successfully launched 20th new generation satellite into space as part of its domestic BDS.
Environmental tax on trucks entering Delhi
- National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed all commercial vehicles entering Delhi to pay environmental compensation charge in addition to the toll tax as a tough measure to curb air pollution in Delhi. The green panel has observed that vehicular pollution is one of the main sources of inferior quality of air in Delhi.
India’s first Dolphin Community Reserve
- India’s first Dolphin Community Reserve will be established in West Bengal to protect the endangered mammal, Gangetic river dolphins. The reserve would be set up in the Hooghly River between Malda and Sundarbans as per provisions of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
Ketoprofen drug banned
- Tamil Nadu state government has banned Ketoprofen, a non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to save critically endangered vulture population in the state.
National Mission for Green India (GIM)
- Union Environment Ministry has approved annual plans of National Mission for Green India (GIM) of four states viz. Kerala, Mizoram, Manipur and Jharkhand.
- A sweet banana species with orange pulp named as Musa indandamanensis has been discovered in Andamans.
- Powerful Typhoon Koppu (also known as Lando) had hit the northern Philippines battering the coast with powerful winds with speed of 240 kph.
- Hurricane Patricia has struck Mexico’s Pacific coast with destructive winds that forced thousands of people to flee homes and beach front resorts. The hurricane’s centre (eye) made its landfall in sparsely populated Puerto Vallarta coastline of Mexico’s west Pacific coast.
Tsunami Early Warning System
- A newly-installed Tsunami Early Warning System Siren was successfully tested near INS Angre, off Reserve Bank of India (RBI) head office in south Mumbai.
- China has successfully launched Tianhui-1C, a third mapping satellite of the Tianhui-1 series into its designated orbit. The mapping satellite was launched by Long March 2D carrier rocket from the Jiuquan launching base.
China’s lunar rover Yutu
- China’s first lunar rover, Yutu, has set the new record for the longest stay by a rover on the lunar surface. It has surpassed previous record of Soviet Union’s (USSR’s) 1970 launched rover Lunokhod 1, which had spent 11 months on the Moon.
Events & Observances
October 1: International day of Older Persons (IDOP)
- Every year 1st October is being observed as International day of Older Persons (IDOP). The day seeks to raise awareness about issues affecting the elderly and to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society.
October 2: International Day of Non-violence
- Every year October 2 is being observed as International Day of Non-violence throughout the world on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. This day seeks to promote the principles of non-violence through education and public awareness. In India, this day is referred as Gandhi Jayanti.
Germany celebrates 25 years of reunification
- Germany celebrated 25 years of reunification on 3 October 2015 marking the day in 1990 when communist East Germany and capitalist West Germany reunited country.
October 5: World Habitat Day
- United Nations on 5 October 2015 celebrated World Habitat Day to generate awareness about the state of human settlements and the future of cities.
October 9: World Egg Day
- World Egg Day was observed on 9 October 2015 as it is being celebrated every year on second Friday of October as per the directives of International Egg Commission. Celebration of this day gives a unique opportunity to help propagate the nutritive value of eggs in human nutrition.
October 11: International Day of the Girl Child
- Every year 11th October is being observed as International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC). It is observed to recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world.
November 26: Constitution Day (Samvidhan Divas)
- India will observe 26 November as Constitution Day (Samvidhan Divas) to spread awareness of Indian Constitution and its architecture Dr B R Ambedkar. On 26 November 1949, Indian constitution was adopted by the 389 member Constituent Assembly (CA) and it came into force on 26 January, 1950.
October 16: World Food Day (WFD)
- Every year 16 October is being observed as World Food Day (WFD) to raise public awareness about hunger challenges and encourage people around the world to take action in the fight against hunger.
October 17: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
- Every year 17 October is being observed as International Day for the Eradication of Poverty throughout the world to promote awareness among people to eradicate poverty and destitution around the world particularly in developing countries.
October 24: World Polio Day
- World Polio Day is observed annually across the world on 24 October. The day seeks to create awareness about the hazards of the crippling Polio disease.
- Indian Navy’s first totally indigenously-designed and built Torpedo launch and recovery vessel (TRV) INS Astradharani was commissioned into Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It is an advanced replacement for INS Astravahini which was decommissioned from India Navy in July, 2015.
- India-China Joint Military Training Exercise HAND-IN-HAND 2015 was conducted at Kunming Military Academy of Yunnan province in China from 12 to 23 October 2015.
2015 Malabar Naval Exercise
- India, United States and Japanese navies conducted 2015 Malabar Naval Exercise of the eastern coast in Bay of Bengal and India Ocean.
Trident Juncture Military Exercise
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has launched Trident Juncture Military Exercise in Italy to test the alliance’s ability to respond to new security threats.
- The fourth edition of Sri Lanka-India bilateral naval exercise SLINEX 2015 began off Trincomalee coast, Sri Lanka.
Finance, Business and Economy
2015 Global Competitiveness Index
- India has been placed at 55th position on 2015 Global Competitiveness Index of the world’s most competitive economies. It was published in Global Competitiveness Report of World Economic Forum (WEF) which has assessed total 140 countries.
India: World’s largest cotton producer
- India has emerged world’s largest cotton producer in the season ending in September 30, 2015 by surpassing China. As per data released by the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) India has produced 6.51 million tonnes (mt) of the cotton against 6.48 mt registered by China in the cotton year 2014-15.
Google officially becomes Alphabet Inc
- Internet Search engine giant Google has officially has converted into new parent company Alphabet Inc. after it made legal filing for officially establishing the new parent structure of Alphabet without any changes in their day-to-day operations.
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)
- 12 other Pacific Rim countries have signed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement which covers about 40 per cent of the world economy. These 12 countries are Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei Darussalam, Japan, Canada, United States, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Australia and New Zealand.
Aditya Birla Group launches Abof.com
- Kumar Mangalam Birla led Aditya Birla Group has launched a new online fashion store Abof.com. With this, the textiles and telecom conglomerate has entered into e-commerce space which is considered as sunrise sector from an investment point of view.
Infosys acquires Noah Consulting
- India’s second largest software services major Infosys has announced acquisition of US-based oil and gas consulting firm Noah Consulting for 70 million US Dollars in an all-cash deal.
Shri Venkateswara Mobile and Electronics Manufacturing Hub
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of Shri Venkateswara Mobile and Electronics Manufacturing Hub in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. It is country’s first dedicated mobile manufacturing electronics cluster to be established in lines with Union Government’s flagship Make in India initiative.
India ranks 130th in 2016 Ease of Doing Business
- India has been placed at 130th position among the 189 countries in the recently released World Bank’s 2016 rankings of Ease of Doing Business Report.
Government Policy and Schemes
2nd phase of Mission Indradhanush
- Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the second phase of Mission Indradhanush in 352 districts of the country to achieve full immunisation of children below two years.
- Union Government has launched KISAN (Crop Insurance using Space Technology and Geoinformatics) Project to benefit farmers by favouring use of satellites, drones (unmanned aerial vehicles) and other geospatial technology to collect crop yield data and to assess damage from natural calamities.
National Watershed Management Project- Neeranchal
- CCEA has approved World Bank assisted National Watershed Management Project- Neeranchal to ensure access of irrigation facilities to every farmland (Har Khet Ko Pani) and help to achieve objectives of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) for efficient use of water (Per Drop More Crop).
2015 of Startup Policy
- Rajashthan Government has unveiled Rajasthan Startup Policy- 2015 to galvanize the start-up ecosystem in the state and provide them required sustenance to the entrepreneurial talent.
- Union Government has cleared the first batch of projects under the flagship scheme of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) for 89 cities from 3 states. They are Rajasthan, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
R.V. Easwar Committee on IT Act
- Union Government has constituted a committee to simplify the provisions of the Income Tax Act (IT), 1961 under the Chairmanship of former Delhi High Court Judge, Justice R.V. Easwar.
e-Sahyog pilot project
- Union Finance Ministry has launched an e-Sahyog pilot project of Income-Tax Department to facilitate taxpayers to reduce their need to physically appear before tax authorities.
Kartik Chandran: 2015 MacArthur Fellow
- Indian-American associate professor Kartik Chandran has been named as a 2015 MacArthur Fellow for his work in transforming pollutant from wastewater into useful products such as energy sources, commodity chemicals and fertilisers.
Sheila Watt-Cloutier: 2015 Right Livelihood Award
- Inuit and Arctic activist Sheila Watt-Cloutier of Canada has won the 2015 Right Livelihood Award. She will share this award with Kasha Jacqueline Nabagesera and Italian doctor Gino Strada.
2015 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Three scientists Youyou Tu (China), Satoshi Omura (Japan) and William Campbell (Ireland) have won 2015 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for their pioneering discoveries which have led to the development of potent new drugs against parasitic diseases such as malaria and elephantiasis.
2015 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Takaaki Kajita (Japan) and Arthur B. McDonald (Canada) have jointly won the prestigious 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics for their key contributions to experiments showing that neutrinos change identities. They individually have discovered neutrino oscillations and shown that neutrinos have mass.
2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Tomas Lindahl (United Kingdom), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (US) have jointly won 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their research on mechanistic studies of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) repair.
2015 Nobel Prize in Literature
- Author Svetlana Alexievich of Belarus has been selected for prestigious 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature for her polyphonic writings, courage and a monument to suffering.
2015 Nobel Peace Prize
- National Dialogue Quartet (NDQ) in Tunisia has won prestigious 2015 Nobel Peace Prize for its decisive contribution in building pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the 2011 Jasmine Revolution.
2015 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences
- Microeconomist Angus Deaton has won the prestigious 2015 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare. His research work has helped to transform the fields of macroeconomics, microeconomics and development economics.
Marlon James: 2015 Man Booker Prize
- Jamaican author Marlon James has won the prestigious 2015 Man Booker Prize for his novel A Brief History of Seven Killings. With this, he became first Jamaican to win Man Booker Prize.
Kailash Satyarthi: 2015 Harvard Humanitarian
- Nobel Peace laureate Kailash Satyarthi has been selected for the prestigious 2015 Harvard Humanitarian of the Year Award. He has been awarded this award in recognition for championing the cause of child reform and ending all forms of violence against children.
An Old Dog’s Diary
- An Indian short film, An Old Dog’s Diary has won prestigious Best Short Film Award at the 2015 London Film Festival (LFF).
K Chockalingam: 2015 Paul H Appleby Award
- Noted criminologist K Chockalingam has been conferred with the prestigious 2015 Paul H Appleby Award by Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA) for his distinguished services to public administration and to the institute.
Robert Mugabe: 2015 Confucius Peace Prize
- Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has been awarded 2015 Confucius Peace Prize by China for his inspirational leadership and service to pan-Africanism and African independence.
AR Rahman: 2015 Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award
- Oscar-winning composer AR Rahman has been conferred with prestigious 2015 Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award for his contribution to the Indian music.
Raif Badawi: 2015 Sakharov Prize
- Saudi blogger Raif Badawi has been selected for European Union’s prestigious 2015 Sakharov Prize for human rights as a symbol of the fight for freedom of speech.
Miscellaneous Terms and Facts
First Japan-US-India trilateral meeting
- United States, Japan and India have decided to coordinate policies in addressing China’s increasing maritime activities. This decision was taken in first Japan-US-India trilateral meeting held in New York on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly meeting.
India to Chair G20 in 2018
- India is going to chair Group of Twenty (G20) nations forum in year 2018. Recently, Turkey handed over the Chair for the next year i.e. 2016 to China and in 2017 Germany is going to chair it.
HRA of maritime Piracy
- High-risk area (HRA) boundary of maritime Piracy has been shifted from 78 degrees East to the 65 degrees East longitude off India’s western coastline.
Pakistan, Russia gas pipeline deal
- Pakistan and Russia have signed a major agreement to build a 1,100-km North-South gas pipeline from Lahore to Karachi.
Cyber Security Legislation
- US Senate has passed Cyber Security Legislation to facilitating sharing of cyber-attack threats to address cyber threats and ensure tools are in place in to deter future cyber-attacks.