Defence Minister to visit Russia: To attend SCO, CSTO and CIS
The Defence Minister Raj Nath Singh is to visit Russia from September 3, 2020 to September 5, 2020. He will attend the Defence Ministers meet of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Collective Security Treaty Organization and Commonwealth Security Treaty Organization.
During the visit, the minister will also meet his Russian counter part Defence Minister General Shoigu to discuss issues of mutual interest. During the talk, Mr Singh will insist on timely delivery of S400 missiles. The missiles are set to be delivered by the end of 2021. India had signed a deal of 5 billion USD in 2018 to buy five S400 defence missile systems in 2018. In 2019, India paid the first tranche of around 800 million USD for the missiles.
Shanghai Cooperation Organization
The SCO is seen as one of the largest transregional international organization that accounts to 44% of the world population that stretches between Pacific Ocean and Baltic sea and also between Arctic Ocean and Indian Ocean. It aims to maintain stability, peace and security in the region. India and Pakistan became the members of the organization only in 2017.
Collective Security Treaty Organization
It is an inter-governmental military alliance that was signed in 1992. The alliance was first formed by signing the Collective Security Treaty called the Tashkent Pact. The countries that signed the treaty were Armenia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. In 1994, three other countries namely Belarus, Georgia and Azerbaijan joined the organization in 1994.
In 2002, it was decided to transform the treaty into CSTO. In 2004, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution to grant an observer status to the United Nations. In 2009, an agreement was signed to create Rapid Reaction Force by five of the seven members.
In November 2019, a session of CSTO was held in Bishek. The session was attended by India as well.