Facts Box: UN’s State of Food Security and Nutrition Report, 2020

The United Nations recently released the “State of Food Security and Nutrition” report. The report was prepared by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), World Health Organization (WHO), World Food Programme (WFP) and UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund).


The report says that around 8.9% of the world population, that is 690 million went hungry in 2019. This is 10 million more as compared to 2018. According to the report, this may increase to 83 to 132 million due to COVID-19 in 2020.

Key Findings

Asia is the home to the highest number of undernourished people. Africa has the highest number of undernourished. Around 21.3% of children under 5 years of age were stunted, 6.9% were wasted and 5.6% were overweight. At least 340 million children suffered from micro nutrient deficiencies.

Sustainable Development Goal

The report says that the world is not progressing towards SDG 2.1 and SDG 2.2.

  • SDG 2.1 ensures access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food for all
  • SDG 2.2 aims to eradicate all forms of malnutrition