G C Murmu takes oath as Comptroller Auditor General
On August 8, 2020, the former Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Jammu and Kashmir Girish Chandra Murmu took oath as Comptroller and Auditor General of India. He is the first tribal to take oath as CAG of India. The oath was administered by the President Ram Nath Kovind.
G C Murmu was a 1985 batch IAS officer. He recently resigned his LG post of Jammu and Kashmir. After his resignation former Union Minister Manoj Sinha was sworn in as the new LG of J&K.
Independence of CAG
There are several provisions in the Constitution to safeguard the independence of CAG. He is appointed by the President and is provided with a tenure of six years or retirement age of 65 years, which ever is earlier. He can be removed from office only by the President in accordance with the procedure mentioned in the Constitution in the same manner as that of removal of Supreme Court Judge.
The salary of CAG and his service conditions cannot be varied after his appointment. The expenses of office of CAG including allowances, salaries and pensions are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
Functions of CAG
The CAG audits accounts that are related to the expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India, and the consolidated fund of every state and Union Territories that have Legislative Assembly. He also audits Contingency Fund and also Public Account of each state.
The CAG audits the accounts of authorities as requested by the President or Governor. After auditing, the CAG submits his reports to President who in turn places them before the houses of Parliament.
- Article 148: Deals with CAG appointment, oath and service conditions
- Article 149: deals with duties and powers of CAG
- Article 150: The accounts of the Centre and States shall be kept in such form as the President advice the CAG.
- Article 151: The reports prepared by CAG are to be submitted to President