India celebrates 1st August as Muslim Women’s Rights Day

On the occasion of the first anniversary of law-making Triple Talaq a criminal offence which got Presidential nod last year after getting approval from the Parliament, the day is declared as the Muslim Women’s Rights Day across the country. Triple Talaq Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on 25th July 2019 with 79% of MP voting in favour and 21% voting against it. Further, it was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 30th July 2019 with 54% votes in favour and 46% voting against it. Finally, after getting the Presidential nod it became a law in the country.

Triple Talaq

Triple Talaq also known as “talaq-e-biddat” was a special provision bestowed upon Muslim man by the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act of 1937. The law legalised and allowed the practice of Triple Talaq which gave Muslim husband some special privileges over his wife. This law has provisions which allowed the husband to cancel all marital ties with his wife by simply uttering “talaq” word three times.

Triple Talaq Act

The bill makes any such act of divorce a legal offence and makes it void and illegal. The act further states that any man whosoever practices Triple Talaq mode of divorce shall be punished with an imprisonment of three years or fine or both. The offence is non-bailable and entitles the married woman to take custody of her minor children.

Impact after a year of its implementation

The country has seen a decline of 82% in the triple talaq case since the implementation of the act. As per a data from the ministry officials which were collected from various Waqf boards, around 383,000 cases of Triple Talaq were reported in India from 1985 until the formation of Act in 2019. After the implementation of the new act post-July 2019, only 1,039 cases of triple talaq were recorded.

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