India ranked 140th in 2015 Mothers’ Index
In recently released 2015 Mother’s Index in the State of the World’s Mothers (SOWM) report titled The Urban Disadvantage, India was placed at 140th position out of 179 countries.
The report prepared by Save the Children and was launched by Union Minority Affairs Minister Najma Heptulla in New Delhi.
Key facts from the report
- Top 5 countries as per 2015 Mother’s Index: Norway (1st), Finland (2nd), Iceland (3rd), Denmark (4th) and Swedan (5th).
- Bottom 10 countries: Niger (175th), Mali (176th), Central African Republic (177th), Congo (178th) and Somalia (179th).
- The report has noted that the growing number of slums in the world is main cause for the urban rich-poor gap and reducing urban under-5 mortality.
- In the slums, high child death rates are rooted to conditions that are related to disadvantage, deprivation and discrimination.
With reference to India
- India is among the 10 countries in the world that have the greatest survival divide between wealthy and poor urban children.
- In case of India, the 29 per cent of the urban population living in slums. Children’s among this urban poor population is 3.2 times likely to die by the age of 5 compared to the urban rich population.
About Mother’s Index
The Mother’s Index scores countries on five parameters. They are maternal health, children’s well-being (measured as under-5 mortality rate), economic status, educational status and political status.