India test fired the Brahmos Missile with an Indigenous Booster
India successfully test fired the surface-to-surface supersonic cruise missile BrahMos having an indigenous booster and airframe section at Balasore, Odisha on September 30, 2020.
- It was developed by jointly by Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) and the Federal State Unitary Enterprise NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) of Russia.
BrahMos is a ramjet supersonic cruise missile which can be launched from submarines, land, ships or fighter jets.
- It is a two-stage missile with:
- A solid propellant booster engine as its first stage- it brings the missile to supersonic speed after which it gets separated
- And the liquid ramjet or the second stage- which takes the missile closer to Mach 3 or three times the speed of sound in cruise phase.
- It has been named after the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva.
- It has a flight range of 300 km.
- The range of Brahmos missile has been increased to 450-600 km in compliance with the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
The MTCR was started by the G7 countries in 1987. There are 35 members in total. India became the member of MTCR in 2016. The members of MTCR are required to establish national export control policies for cruise missiles, unmanned aerial missiles, ballistic missiles, drones, space launch vehicles and the underlying components and technologies.
Group of Seven or G7 countries
The G7 is an international intergovernmental economic organization. It consists of seven major developed countries including Canada, Italy, Japan, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States. These countries are the largest IMF-advanced economies in the world. The grouping was founded in 1975.