India to extend flagship jobs programmes in villages to cities
On September 2, 2020, the Government of India announced that it is to extend flagship jobs programme in villages to cities in order to help the workers left unemployed due to the pandemic.
The programme when approved will initially be rolled out in smaller cities. This step is expected to cost 4.8 billion USD initially. However, it will benefit 121 million Indian who lost their jobs in April due to the pandemic.
The GoI has been using the rural programme such as road-building, reforestation and well-digging to provide employment. The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched on a wide scale to boost rural development and also create employment. The mission aims to provide drinking tap water connection to all. Also, the fund allocation to MGNREGA was increased and so was the wages under the scheme. The Indian Railways identified areas where the employment could be created and the jobs were assigned under MGNREGA. This includes station road building, line construction, station infrastructure upgradation, etc.
Currently India is implementing the following employment generation programmes. They are as follows
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
- Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Rojagar Protsahan Yojana was initiated in 2016-17. Under the scheme, the programme pays 12% of employer contribution towards EPF. Recently, under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, GoI announced that liquidity relief is to be provided to all EPF establishments. Under the Employment Fund scheme, 12% is to be contributed by the employer and 12% by the employee. The GoI will infuse Rs 2,500 crores under the scheme.
Under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana, candidates will be trained and provided with training certificate. The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana was launched to cater career aspirations of rural youth. It also aimed to add diversity of incomes to rural poor. The main objective of the scheme is to transform rural poor to economically independent and globally relevant work force.