“Indian Rhino Vision (IRV) 2020”-Launched by WHO-India to protect Vulnerable Rhinos
WHO-India launched Indian Rhino Vision (IRV) 2020 programme to protect and increase the population of the one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). IVR 2020 is a partnership among the Government of Assam, the International Rhino Foundation, the World Wide Fund for Nature, the Bodoland Territorial Council, and the U.S. Fish & World Wildlife foundation.
Purpose: To attain a population of 3,000 wild one-horned rhinos in seven of Assam’s protected areas by the year 2020.
Procedure to protect & increase the population of Rhinos
- The horns of rhinos will be trimmed before their translocation to Laokhowa-Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaon district of the state.
- The trimming will be done in a way that any damage is not done to their internal organs and the trimmed horns will grow back to their original shape within four to five months.
- This action of trimming will also protect them from the poachers, who hunt them just to take away their horns.
Note: Rhinos are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species. To achieve the targeted number, the programme needs an increase by 600 over the existing population available in the state in next 8 years. It means an annual increase of about 3 %.