IVF Pioneer Sir Robert Edwards passed away
Sir Robert Edwards (87), who eveloped the technique of in vitro fertilisation with Dr Patrick Steptoe passed away. He pioneered In vitro fertilisation (IVF) technique helped in the birth of Louise Brown in 1978, the first test tube baby and then bring more than 4 million children into the world.
Robert G. Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010 for the development of IVF.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF):
- ‘in vitro’: from the Latin means ‘in glass’
- It is a method by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body: in vitro.
- a key treatment for infertility
- The process requires supervising a woman’s ovulatory procedure, taking out ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and allowing sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium in a laboratory.
- Natural cycle IVF : When a woman’s natural cycle is supervised to gather a naturally picked out ovum (egg) for fertilization.
- In 1978, the first successful “Test Tube Baby” (a colloquial term for babies conceived as the result of IVF), Louise Brown was born as a result of Natural Cycle IVF technique.
Tags: Current Affairs 2013