July 15: World Youth Skills Day

Every year, World Youth Skills Day is celebrated on July 15. The day is celebrated to recognize the importance of equipping young people with skills of employment, entrepreneurship and decent work. This year the day focuses on the following theme

Theme: Skills for a resilient youth

Highlights

The day is celebrated by United Nations along with other world organizations. Events related to the day is organized by UNESCO and ILO. The main aim of the day is to achieve better socio-economic conditions for today’s youth. This includes challenges in unemployment and under employment.

United Nations

The UN decided to mark the day since 2014. A resolution initiated by Sri Lanka with the assistance of G77 and China was passed in December 2018. Since then July 15 is celebrated as World Youth Skills Day.

India

In India, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has organized a digital conclave to celebrate World Youth Skills Day. PM Modi is to address the conclave.

Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goal 4 aims to provide technical and vocational education and training. It ensures comprehensive and equitable quality education opportunities for all.

Incheon Declaration

The Declaration was adopted at the World Education Forum held in Incheon, South Korea on July 15, 2015. The declaration adopted Education 2030 framework for action recognizing lifelong learning experiences. The framework aimed to provide Education for All. The commitments under the declaration later became a part of Sustainable Development Goal.

Significance

Between 1997 and 2017, the young population increased by 139 million. On the other hand, the population of youth labour force decreased by 58.7 million. Two out of Five young workers in developing economies live on less than 3.10 USD per day.

Global Trends for Youth 2020

The Global Trends for Youth report is released by the International Labour Organization. According to the report, there has been an upward trend in the technology and future jobs since 2017 in number of Youth Not in Employment, Education and Training (NEET)

The number of NEET in 2019 was 267 million and the report predicts it to rise to 273 million by 2021.

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