Lancet Study: Life expectancy in India increased from 59.6 % to 70.8 %

The Lancet medical journal has published its new report. In the report, Lancet has highlighted that India has gained in the life expectancy since 1990.

Key Findings of the report

  • Life expectancy in India has increased from 59.6 years in 1990 to 70.8 years in 2019.
  • Though, there exits inequalities between several states.
  • In Kerala, life expectancy increased to 77.3 years while on the in Uttar Pradesh it was reported as 66.9 years.
  • Lancet highlighted the 286 causes of fatalities and 369 diseases in 200 countries.

Why India’s health loss has increased?

Currently, India is going through the COVID-19 pandemic. Total cases stands at around 73 lakh. Out of these 8,04,528  are active cases and 64,53,780 cases have been cured. India also reported some 1,13,000 deaths as of today (October 17, 2020). However, the largest contributors of the increasing health loss were non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as COPD, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and a group of musculoskeletal disorders over the last 30 years in India.

Factors leading to death

  • Maternal mortality is coming down in India.
  • Cardiovascular diseases used to be 5th largest contributor to death but now it is the largest contributor.
  • Rates of cancer are increasing,
  • Air pollution is another contributor that lead to 1.67 million deaths as of 2019.
  • As per 2019 report, other factors of death were high blood pressure leading to 1.47 million deaths, tobacco leading to 1.23 million deaths, poor diet leading to 1.18 million deaths and high blood sugar leading to 1.12 million deaths in India.

Though, child and maternal malnutrition is still the main factor for illness and death in India contributing to a fifth of the total disease burden in states like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. But, India has made progressive gains in healthcare system since 1990 and has launched so many health schemes for the welfare of the people.

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