“Lost At Home”: A Report released by UNICEF
On May 5, 2020, the UNICEF released its report called “Lost at Home”. The report enforces the risks and challenges of internally displaced children and the need to protect them.
Key Findings of the report
According to the report, at the end of 2019, around 46 million people were internally displaced due to conflict and violence. Among them, every four out of 10 were children, which is 19 million children.
Due to conflicts the number of people displaced has increased from 25 million a decade ago to 40 million in the last 5 years. In the end of 2019, among the 46 million living in displacement due to violence, 42% were children.
The highest number of children that were displaced were in Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Around 12 million children were displaced in 2019 alone in MENA due to violence. The regions where the displacement of children were high includes west and central Africa, eastern and southern Africa, Latin America and Caribbean, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Pacific and Western Europe.
Three Major Countries
The three major countries that accounted to more than half of persons displaced due to conflict and violence are Syrian Arab Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Yemen.
Displacements due to Natural Disasters
In 2019, around 25 million were displaced due to natural disasters. The natural disaster led disasters were high in India, China, Bangladesh, Philippines. These countries accounted to 65% of global natural disaster-based displacement.
In India, according to the report, the displacements were mainly due to disasters. Around 5 million were displaced in India in 2019 due to natural disasters. This mainly includes floods and storms.