Measurement and Monitoring Water supply under Jal Jeevan Mission
The Government of India has decided to provide smart rural water supply system under Jal Jeevan Mission, Digital India, Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and Make in India. The Jal Jeevan Mission is being implemented in the country with the aim of providing clean tap water connection to every rural household by 2024. Under the programme, the 55 litres of water is to be provided per day on a long- term basis.
The smart measurement and monitoring is to be conducted through Paani Samiti.
What is a Paani Samiti?
The Jal Jeevan Mission is being implemented under National level, state level, district level and village level committees. The Paani Samiti is the one operating at village level or Gram Panchayat level. It consists of 10-15 members. 25% of this committee shall be from elected members of Panchayat, 50% should be women and 25% may consist of members from weaker sections of the village.
The 73rd amendment of the Constitution allows Gram Panchayats to manage drinking water supply. The Paani Samiti will facilitate an automated system of measurement and monitoring of water services.
The GoI is now implementing the plan of connecting all the villages by fiber optic network. This will help Jal Jeevan Mission implement smart drinking water supply system in the rural areas.
Gujarat has already begun to implement sensor based rural water supply system in 1,000 villages. This will reduce water loss and also will help monitor the quantity and quality of water supply on a long- term basis.
What is the plan?
The village level smart systems will collect data and send it to district, the districts to the states and the states to the national level committee. This will help to analyze the demand pattern.
Jal Jeevan Mission
The Mission was launched in 2019. PM Modi launched the mission during his independence day speech at the Red Fort.