Current Affairs April 2015

New species of Geckos discovered at Hampi in Karnataka

A new species of a gecko was spotted at the ruins of the World Heritage Site of Hampi in Karnataka. It was named as Cnemaspis adii after a young herpetology researcher Aditya Srinivasulu from Hyderabad, Telangana.

It was spotted by the researchers from the Osmania University in Hyderabad.

Cnemaspis adii gecko is similar to a type of lizard usually found in warm climates. It belongs to the family of day geckos which are characterized by round pupils unlike regular geckos which have vertical pupils.

This discovery of the gecko in Hampi is significant because for the first time species of day gecko was found in the central regions of the peninsular India.

The other species of day geckos are commonly found in Western Ghats and southern Eastern Ghats of peninsular India.


India 5th biggest generator of e-waste in 2014: UN report

As per recently released Global E-Waste Monitor 2014 report by United Nations, India is the fifth biggest producer of e-waste in the world.

The report was compiled by UN think tank United Nations University (UNU).

Key facts from report

  • Top 5 e-waste producing nations: US, China, Japan, Germany and India.
  • In case of wealthy nations top 5 e-waste producers are Norway, Switzerland, Iceland, Denmark, and United Kingdom.
  • US and China have produced the most e-waste in 2014. Both nations account for 32 percent of total e-waste produced in the world in 2014.
  • India has discarded around 1.7 million tonnes (Mt) of e-waste in 2014.
  • In 2014, around 41.8 Mt of e-waste was produced all over world and it is expected to rise by 21 percent to 50 million Mt in 2018.
  • In terms of continent wise, Asia has produced most e-waste per inhabitant in year 2014 by producing 16 Mt i.e. 3.7 kg per inhabitant.
  • Top three Asian e-waste producing nations are- China (6.0Mt), Japan (2.2Mt) and India (1.7Mt).
  • While, Africa has generated lowest amount of e-waste per inhabitant by producing 9 Mt i.e. 1.7 kg per inhabitant.