Current Affairs - April, 2019

Latest Current Affairs April, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of April, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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UNSC Resolution on Terror Financing

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has unanimously adopted a French-drafted resolution which ordered countries worldwide to step up the fight against terrorism financing by ensuring they have laws that make it a serious crime to fund terrorist acts.

UNSC Resolution

  • This resolution is the first stand-alone measure dedicated specifically to counter the financing of terrorism.
  • The resolution asks the states to ensure that their domestic laws and regulations establish serious criminal offences to prosecute those who collect funds or provide economic resources to terrorist organizations.
  • The resolution urges countries to establish financial intelligence units to strengthen efforts to counter terrorism financing and to share information on their investigations.
  • The resolution will help the FATF to mount pressure on more than 50 countries to pass new legislation on countering terror financing.

The UNSC has adopted resolution for sanctions to choking off the revenue to the Islamic State jihadist group and Al-Qaeda-linked fighter. The resolution encompasses in one text various initiatives contained in a range of resolutions.

How the resolution will aid in curbing terror activities?

Since the binding resolution was drafted under chapter 7 of the UN Charter it can be enforced with sanctions. This will force the nations to act.

The recent attacks like the Pulwama Terror Attack has shown that terror groups have access to financial flows through legal and illegal means. The resolution takes a step in curbing the inflows to the terrorist groups.

FATF notes that less than a fifth of countries were applying laws that prosecute suspected terror financiers as criminals. The resolution aims to change that.

The resolution would also contribute to halting ransom payments for kidnappings by terror groups, which have become a major source of funding.

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Punjab and Haryana High Court bars stating of caste in Proceedings

The Punjab and Haryana High Court has instructed states of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory Chandigarh to not mention the caste of the accused, victims or witnesses in proceedings before the court.

What did the High Court say?

The High Court while passing a ruling in a murder case where the Haryana police had mentioned the caste of the accused witnesses and the victim during the proceedings stated this is not permissible and the caste system was profoundly illogical and was also against the basic tenets of the Constitution.

The High Court stated that mentioning the caste separately in the criminal proceedings is a colonial legacy and requires to be stopped henceforth. The Constitution guarantees a casteless and classless society. All are born equal.

The High court directed the governments to issue instructions to all investigating officers not to mention the caste of the accused, victims or witnesses in recovery memos, FIRs, seizure memos, inquest papers and other forms prescribed under CrPC and Punjab Police Rules.

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