Current Affairs - April, 2019

Latest Current Affairs April, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of April, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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14 MoUs signed at 5th India-Russia Industrial Conference

India and Russia signed 14 Memorandum of Understandings at the India-Russia Industrial Conference held at DefExpo 2020, Lucknow. The Agreements were signed under Make in India initiative.

Highlights

The countries signed agreements related to ASW rocket launchers, T-72, radar systems, 3D modeling, T-90.

The Defence ties of India and Russia has been strong. The countries have also established defence ties through multilateral orgnizations.

India-Russia at multilateral organizations

  • The National Security Advisor attended the BRICS Foreign Ministers meet in June 2019. He met President Putin, the Russian President on the sidelines of the meet to strengthen defence ties between the countries
  • At the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization), India participated at the fifth edition of the biennial joint military counter terrorist command for the first time in August 2018.
  • Russia has been one of the long-standing supporters of India’s membership at the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
  • Russia welcomes One Belt One Road initiative of China.
  • Russia also welcomes the International North-South Transport Corridor that was held in March 2019. It is a 7,2000 km long international multi-node rail, road and ship route between Europe and Central Asia. It includes India, Russia, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Europe.

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US Judge and Civil Rights Icon Damon J. Keith Dies at 96 age

Former US Judge Damon J Keith, a grandson of slaves and icon in civil rights movement died in Detroit at the age of 96. He was born in 1922. He even being a grandson of enslaved people, later became sixth African American in U.S. history to serve on federal court of appeals.

Lifetime Achievements

  • He never retired and died incumbent in office.
  • He served for more than 50 years in federal courts, and even at age of 94 he heard cases about four times in one year at 6th US Circuit Court of Appeals (or circuit courts are intermediate appellate courts of US federal court system) in Cincinnati, Ohio and issued dissent in voting rights case.
  • During his time as judge he made series of landmark decisions that changed social and legal landscape of US. Some of them are-
  • He rejected government’s claim of having authority to conduct electronic surveillance without a warrant on anyone it considered as national security threat.
  • Stopping Illegal Government Wiretaps: As a federal judge he gave judgement in warrantless wiretapping case against Richard Nixon and Attorney General John Mitchell in 1971. He rejected government’s claim of having authority to conduct electronic surveillance without a warrant on anyone it considered as national security threat. Nixon administration which was in middle of social turmoil over Vietnam War, later sued Keith personally in famous “the Keith case”.
  • Secret Deportation Hearings: One year after 9/11 attacks, while serving on federal court of appeals, he gave judgement against Bush administrations conducting deportation hearings of terrorism suspects in secret using blanket national security justification, in which he coined iconic phrase “democracies die behind closed doors”.

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