Current Affairs - April, 2019

Latest Current Affairs April, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of April, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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UK to fund Anti-Slavery Projects

Britain pledged £4 million to support global anti-slavery projects, from sexually exploited girls in Ethiopia to migrant workers in Malaysia and Mauritius. It also committed about 200 million pounds in aid funding to combat modern-day slavery overseas, and given millions of pounds to nations from Albania to Vietnam.

Six organisations, including Anti-Slavery International ( a UK based international NGO, registered charity and a lobby group) and United Nations University ( a research institution) will share the aid money from The Modern Slavery Innovation Fund.

Modern Slavery Innovation Fund

  • It was announced in 2016 and earlier gave £6 million to schemes such as awareness-raising campaigns in Nigeria, Philippines and Vietnam.
  • It will be used to run modern slavery workshops in South Africa, increasing support for survivors in India, and developing online data hub to boost anti-slavery policies.
  • The projects funded will help protect few most vulnerable people on planet and encourage more innovative approaches for victim identification and pursuing the exploiters.

Recently Funded

The Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), a coalition of trade unions, firms and charities promoting worker’s rights received the latest funding. It will help towards informing migrant workers in Malaysia about their rights and remediation, help improve conditions of migrant workers those working with global businesses in their supply chains worldwide and provide remedy for workers who have suffered abuse.

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Qatar to abolish Exit Visa system by 2019

UN’s International Labour Organization (ILO) announced that Qatar will officially abolish its Exit Visa system for all foreign workers by the end of 2019.

Amnesty International (human rights group) report accused that Qatar, which will be hosting 2022 World Cup was failing to implement reforms and stop widespread labour abuse. As a result Qatar revived its pledge to reform labour section, and introduced a minimum monthly minimum of 750 riyals ($206) and also agreed to work closely with ILO.

Background

In September 2018, Qatar approved legislation to scrap “kafala”, and by October 2018 it went into force for all but 5% of a company’s workforce (mostly senior positions). By end of 2018 it was eliminated for majority of workers, and in 2019 it will be extended to all remaining categories of worker.

About Kafala system

It is a Sponsorship system which regulates status of migrant workers. It is used to monitor migrant labourers, by requiring all unskilled labourers to have an in-country sponsor mostly their employer who is responsible for their visa and legal status. This tying of migrant workers’ visas with employers leads to requiring prior consent of their employer before changing jobs or leaving, which further leads to their exploitation.

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