Current Affairs - April, 2019

Latest Current Affairs April, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of April, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Government gives GRSE contract to build 8 Anti-Submarine Warfare Shallow Water Crafts

Ministry of Defence awarded Defence PSU Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) a Rs.6311 crore worth contract to build 8 Anti-Submarine Warfare Shallow Water Crafts (ASWSWCs) for Indian Navy.

Key Facts

  • The Indian Navy issued the RFP (Request for Proposal) to DPSU (Defence Public Sector Undertaking) Shipyards and Indian Private Shipyards in April 2014, with GRSE eventually winning the bid for design, construction and supply of eight ASWSWCs.
  • The design and construction of these ships at GRSE is yet another milestone in ‘Make in India’ Initiative.
  • Project Timeline: The first ship is to be delivered within 42 months (3.5 years) from signing date of contract and remaining ships delivery is scheduled as two ships per year. The completion time awarded to project is 84 months (7 years) from 29 April 2019.

GRSE

  • It is India’s pioneer warship builder since its inception as a DPSU in 1960. It has delivered highest number of warships till date.
  • Major projects being handled by it includes three Stealth Frigates for Indian Navy under P17A Project, ASW Corvettes for Indian Navy, The Landing Craft Utility (LCUs) for Indian Navy, four Survey Vessels (Large) for Indian Navy, Fast Petrol Vessels (FPVs) for Indian Coast Guard, etc.
  • With shipyard having many firsts to its credit in terms of Innovation and Design, it has also built 100 warships which ranges from Advanced Frigates to Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvettes to Fleet Tankers, Fast Attack Crafts, etc.
  • This new project will further solidify GRSE’s position as a unique shipyard with all round capability to design and build ASWSWC warships with state-of-the-art technology.

Anti-Submarine Warfare Shallow Water Crafts (ASW-SWC)

  • It is anti-submarine warfare vessel in 700 ton displacement range and will replace Abhay-class corvette (a corvette is a small warship) currently serving in Indian Navy.
  • It is designed for deep750 tons displacement, 25 knots speed and 57 complement and capable of full-scale sub surface surveillance of coastal waters, Search Attack Unit (SAU) and Coordinated ASW (Anti-submarine warfare) operations with Aircraft.
  • It can also be deployed for Search and Rescue operations by day and night in coastal areas.
  • Apart from having capability to interdict/ destroy sub surface targets in coastal waters, their secondary role would be of being capable of prosecuting intruding aircraft, and lay mines in sea bed.
  • The vessels are equipped with advanced state-of-the-art integrated platform management systems (IPMS) including Propulsion Machinery (machineries that provides the power to drive the propeller of the ship), Auxiliary Machinery, Power Generation (includes pumps, compressors, and blowers for circulating fuel and fresh water) and Distribution Machinery and Damage Control Machinery, etc.
  • It will be built according to Classification Society (an NGO that establish and maintain technical standards for construction as well as operation of ships and offshore structures) Rules and Naval Ship Regulations and will conform to latest Marine Pollution Standards of International Maritime Organization (IMO) and Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).

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Current State of Cybercrime Report 2019

According to whitepaper ‘Current State of Cybercrime-2019’, released by RSA Security (is an American computer and network security company of parent organization Dell Technologies), social media fraud has increased by 43% in 2018. It says the trend will continue in 2019 because of ease of using, absence of fees and multiple other benefits of these platforms.

Key Findings

  • With Social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Twitter and other legitimate messaging platforms emerging as new ground for criminal deception, cybercriminals are increasingly relying on them to communicate with each other, sell stolen identities, credit card numbers and other ill-gotten gains.
  • Artifice (fraud) from mobile apps has increased by 680% between 2015 and 2018, with frauds originating in mobile channels growing by 70% in 2018.
  • It cautioned against the increasing rise of use of rogue mobile applications to defraud consumers.
  • It highlighted that fraudsters are also undergoing their own form of digital transformation to make cybercrime activity more efficient

Steps taken by Government

Government has undertaken number of legislative, technical and institutional measures for addressing cyber security issues and strengthening cyber security system in country.

  • National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC) is an operational cyber security and e-surveillance agency in India which is intended to screen communication metadata and co-ordinate intelligence gathering activities of other agencies. It generates situational awareness about potential and existing cyber security threats and enables timely sharing of information for proactive, preventive and protective actions by individual entities.
  • National Cyber Security Coordinator (NCSC) under National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) coordinates with different agencies at the national level for cyber security matters.
  • Enacted Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000, to provide legal recognition for electronic communication, electronic commerce and cyber-crimes etc. IT Act has acted as deterrent provisions to deal with cyber threats and cyber-attacks.
  • Established National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) for protection of critical information infrastructure in the country.
  • It formulated National Cyber Security policy (2013) framework to ensure a secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses and government.
  • Set up Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) issues alerts and advisories regarding latest cyber threats and countermeasures on regular basis.
  • Launched Cyber Swachhta Kendra (which are Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre) for detection of malicious programs and provide free tools for their removal.
  • Set up The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In), to issues alerts and advisories regarding latest cyber threats and countermeasures on regular basis. It conducts regular training programmes for network and system administrators and governments Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and critical sector organisations regarding securing the IT infrastructure and mitigating cyber attacks.
  • (CERT-In) has also entered into Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with its overseas counterpart agencies/Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) for information exchange and collaboration for cyber security incident response.
  • Under Cyber Crime Prevention for Women and Children (CCPWC) Scheme, GoI released grants to States/UTs to set up a Cyber Forensic cum Training Laboratory and to organize capacity building programme on cyber awareness and cyber crime investigation.
  • A Division has been established under Ministry of Home Affairs to deal with Cyber and Information Security.

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