Current Affairs - April, 2020

This category comprises latest Current Affairs of April, 2020 with news summary on current events of National and International importance. Current Affairs April, 2020 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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April 26: World Intellectual Property Day

Every year, the World Intellectual Property Day is marked on April 26 to encourage creativity and innovation. The day was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000. This year, the World Intellectual Property Day is being marked under the theme

Theme: Innovate for Green Future

Significance

The day is marked to celebrate inventors and creators working towards green future. They work towards fossil fuel-based alternatives.

History

The world Intellectual Property Day was first proposed by the Chinese Delegation of WIPO. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in 1999.

World Intellectual Property Organization

The WIPO is one of the 15 United Nations Specialized agencies. It was created to protect and promote intellectual property. Around 26 intellectual treaties are administered by WIPO. The headquarters of WIPO is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

What are Specialized Agencies of United Nations?

The Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations of the United Nations that were created on behalf of the organization. These specialized agencies are authorized to carry out functions on behalf of the United Nations. They include

  • Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO
  • International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO
  • International Labour Organization, ILO
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development, IFAD
  • International Maritime Organization, IMO
  • International Telecommunication Union, ITU
  • UNESCO
  • World Bank
  • World Health Organization, WHO
  • World Meteorological Organization, WMO
  • World Tourism Organization, UNWTO
  • Universal Postal Union, UPU
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIDO
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • International Monetary Fund

What is Intellectual Property?

The Intellectual Property are creations that are related to artistic works, literary works, symbols, images and names used in commerce.

April 26: International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day

Every year on April 26, the International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day is being observed. The day was proclaimed by the United Nations and was first observed in 2016.

Highlights

The International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day was first observed on the 30th anniversary of 1986 nuclear disaster. It is being marked to increase awareness about the risks of nuclear energy in general.

Chernobyl Disaster

On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in today’s Ukraine faced a fore explosion. The reactor began to emit radioactive materials. Though, the casualties are minimal, the radioactive materials are still present in the atmosphere and are posing challenges to human survival in the region. Due to the accident, several children even today are facing thyroid, cancer in the regions of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.

Significance

The fire explosion spread huge radioactive cloud over Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. More than 8.4 million people were exposed to radioactive waves. In 1991, the Chernobyl Trust Fund was created by the United Nations. It is now being managed by the OCHA-Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Role of United Nations

The United Nations that was formed for world peace after second world war is keen in addressing nuclear issues after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki incident.

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