Current Affairs - April, 2020

This category comprises latest Current Affairs of April, 2020 with news summary on current events of National and International importance. Current Affairs April, 2020 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Alzheimer Inhibitor developed by Jawaharlal Nehru Centre of Advanced Scientific Research

The scientists of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) operating under Department of Science and Technology has invented a natural product for Alzheimer disease.


Alzheimer’s is a disorder that accounts for more than 70% of all types of dementia. It is difficult to develop effective medication for the disease as the disease attributes to multifaceted toxicity.

The Berberine used in traditional medicines has been converted into Ber-D. Ber-D is antioxidant and soluble. On the other hand, Berberine is toxic to cells and poorly soluble.

The natural product called Isoquinoline is also used. Isoquinoline is found in India and China and has been used in traditional medicines.


The Ber-D invented prevents generation of Reactive Oxygen Species. It rescues biomacromolecules from oxidative damages. It prevents the accumulation of metal-dependent and independent Amyloid Beta. Amyloid Beta are the peptides of amino acids that build up around the brain cells.

Cause of Alzheimer

The disease is caused due to abnormal build up of protein around the brain cells. Proteins are made up of amino acids. Therefore, the drug invented prevents deposition of these proteins called Amyloid Beta around the brain cells.

The medicine invented also helps to prevent DNA damages.

CSIR Technology of Electrostatic Disinfection transferred for Commercialization

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – Central Scientific Instrument Organization (CSIR-CSIO) has developed a technology for sanitization and effective disinfection. The CSIR-CSIO has transferred the technology to a Nagpur based company Rite Water Solutions Private Limited.


The Disinfectant technology has been found to be highly effective and efficient to stop the spread of any pathogen. The machine has been developed based on the electrostatic principle.

About the machine

The machine produces fine and uniform droplets of disinfectants that kills micro organisms including virus. The main advantage of the machine is that it uses minimum limited disinfectant as compared to other conventional and manual methods.

How is the device different?

The device sprays charges droplets of disinfectants. As the droplets are charged, they can cover obscured surfaces as well. This improves the efficiency and efficacy of the device to reach hidden areas. The hidden areas always have greater possibility of viruses.

Swasth Bharat Abhiyan

The technology of electrostatic sprayer contributes to healthy life style and health care of the masses. It is directly linked to Swasth Bharat Abhiyan. The Swasth Bharat Abhiyan is implemented by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The yatra under the scheme was led by FSSAI.

The Swasth Bharat Yatra was launched in 2018 on the World Food Day (October 16). The volunteers rallied and cycled to spread awareness about healthy diet.