Current Affairs – August, 2013

Latest Current Affairs August, 2013 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of August, 2013 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Cabinet agree to nullify apex court’s verdict on lawmakers

The Union Cabinet agreed to two proposals which will allow those in jail to contest elections and also allow convicted MPs and MLAs to retain their membership during the pendency of their appeals even as they will be barred from voting or drawing a salary. The two proposals were approved in the form of amendments to the Representation of the People Act.

Why this move by the Union Cabinet ?

The move is targeted to negate the two Supreme Court’s verdicts which barred convicted persons and those in jail from contesting elections.

The two proposed amendments to Representation of the People Act:
  1. An MP, MLA or MLC cannot be disqualified after conviction if he or she files an appeal within 90 days from the date of conviction and such a conviction is stayed by the court. As per the draft bill, a provision added to sub-section (4) of section 8 of the RP Act makes it clear that the convicted member shall continue to take part in proceedings of Parliament or State legislature but he or she shall neither be entitled to vote nor draw a salary and allowances till the appeal or revision is finally decided by the court.
  2. It adds a provision to sub-section (2) of section 62 of the RP Act to state that a person cannot cease to be a voter while in detention as his or her right is only temporarily suspended. It further states that as the name of the jailed person continues to be on the electoral rolls he or she also continues to be an elector and can file his nomination for an election.

Government approves bill to change collegium system

The government has decided to scrap the collegium system of appointing judges to the Supreme Court and High Courts.

The Cabinet approved a bill which proposes replacing the collegium system with a Judicial Appointments Commission wherein the government will have a say in appointment of judges of the Supreme Court and the 24 high courts.The government seeks to set up a panel headed by the Chief Justice of India (CJI) to appoint and transfer senior judges.The other members of the proposed Commission would be two judges of the Supreme Court, the Law Minister, two eminent persons as members and Secretary (Justice) in the Law Ministry as Member Secretary.The leader of the Opposition will not be part of the proposed body as per the bill in its current form.

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