Current Affairs – August, 2013

Latest Current Affairs August, 2013 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of August, 2013 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Researchers grow tiny brain cells in test tubes

In a latest development in the field of Bioscience, scientists have grown mini human brains in test tubes, which will serve as a tool for them watch the development of brain in embryonic stage. They are hopeful that it will enhance their understanding of neurological and mental problems.

These miniature human brains are the “cerebral organoids” which are a few millimetres across and are composed of layers of brain cells with defined regions that is similar to those seen in immature embryonic brains.

How would growing brain cells in test tube be useful?

The organoids grown in test tubes would aid scientists who want to analyze how disorder such as schizophrenia or autism occurs in the brain; though these are usually found in elderly people some of the underlying defects occur during the embryonic stage of brain’s development. These organoids are expected also to be useful in the development and testing of drugs.

India overtakes Japan to become world’s 3rd largest Internet user

As per a report by global digital measurement and analytics firm comScore, India has left Japan behind to become the world’s third largest Internet user after China and the United States. The report says that India now has nearly 74 million Internet users which marks a 31% increase over March 2012. With 3/4th of India’s online population under 35, the report shows, it is significantly younger than those of other emerging economies.

Some facts:

  • As per Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) India has 164.81 million Internet subscribers as of March 31, 2013, with seven out of eight accessing the Internet from their mobile phones.
  • As per comScore mobile and tabled-based Internet traffic is at just 14% of the total.
  • Men under 35 and women between 35 and 44 are heavier users.
  • Women account for less than 40% of all Indian users, a much lower sex ratio than that of other nations.
  • Users spend one-fourth of time spent online on social media and another 23% on email.
  • While Google sites have the most unique visitors, internet users spend the most time on Facebook, which is at second place when it comes to unique visitors.
  • Indian railways website most popular in the category of online travel websites.
  • Asia provides 41% of all Internet users; the United States accounts for just 13%.
  • China is the largest user of Internet even as it outnumbers Indians by a ratio of 5: 1.

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