Current Affairs – August, 2018

Latest Current Affairs August, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of August, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Union Government introduces Atal ranking for institutions to promote innovation

Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has introduced Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA) to systematically rank education institutions and universities primarily on innovation related indicators. ARIIA aims to promote culture of innovation and research in higher education.

Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)

ARIIA is named after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It measures some parameters which are India-specific considering current scenario and status of higher education in India. ARIIA parameters are primarily organised in five broad heads which are further elaborated into suitable sub-heads. Each of five main parameters has certain weightage assigned to it and sub-heads also have appropriate weight distribution. The institutions will be rank-ordered based on scores. The overall score can take a maximum value of 100.

Five main focus parameters of ARIIA are budget expenses and revenue generated through Innovation and entrepreneurship development (weightage: 20), facilitate access to advance centres and facilities and entrepreneurial support system (10), idea to entrepreneurship (54), development of innovation ecosystems supported through teaching & learning (10) and best innovative solutions developed in-house for improving governance of institution (6).


ARIIA will inspire Indian institutions to reorient their mind-set and build ecosystems to encourage high quality research, innovation and entrepreneurship. It will focus on quality of innovations rather than quantity and measure the real impact created by these innovations nationally and internationally. It will set tone and direction for institutions for future development for making them globally competitive and in forefront of innovation.

Germany to provide Euro 120 million soft loan for Clean Ganga Mission

Germany has announced to provide soft loan of euro 120 million (Rs. 990 crore approximately) to India to strengthen sewage water treatment infrastructure in Uttarakhand in an effort to clean River Ganga under Clean Ganga Mission. German development agency GIZ also has prepared ‘Ganga Box’ aimed to target schools-going children and inform them about the river.

Key Facts

The proceeds from this soft loan will be used for project focusing on extension and replacement of sewerage system (around 360 kilometres) including complete house connection, construction of sewage treatment plants (STPs) of around 15 million litres per day (mld). The purpose of project is to reduce inflow of untreated waste water in River Ganga and, thus, to improve the water quality of the river. This project also includes construction of 13 sewage pumping stations.

Ganga book

Ganga book has been prepared on lines of ‘Danube Book’ when cleaning of European river was undertaken. This book will have information mythological, socio-cultural, economic importance about river and suggestions to avoid pollution, like not dumping plastic in water body. Its aim is to bring behavioural change of people towards Ganga River. Ganga book project has been piloted in government schools in Uttarakhand and it will be replicated in other states.