Current Affairs – August, 2019

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26th Mela of Ladakhi-Kisan-Jawan-Vigyan Mela inaugurated in Leh

The 26th Ladakhi-Kisan-Jawan-Vigyan Mela was recently inaugurated by Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in Leh, Jammu and Kashmir. It was organised by Leh-based Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR) of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

About Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR)

It is constituent laboratory of DRDO. It was established in 1960 to meet fresh food requirement of soldiers deployed in the harsh terrain of Ladakh. It has core competence in cold arid agro-animal technology. It aims to meet fresh food requirement of the soldiers at high altitude cold desert condition. It is also responsible to make region reasonably green. Its research stations are located at Ranbirpura, (Ladakh). Partapur (Siachen Sector), Base Laboratory (Chandigarh). It also hosts world’s highest terrestrial R&D Centre at Changla, Ladakh.

Contributions: It is known for many success stories in translating science to alleviate real-life problems being faced in the remote Ladakh region. It is now working to develop newer technologies to make fresh food available even in remotest locations in the Himalayas. Technologies developed by it provides Indian Army locally grown fresh organic farm produce and as a spin-off of its technologies developed, farmers in Ladakh region are able to produce a variety of  vegetables and fruits resulting in improving their socio-economic condition. The interdependence created between locals and Army through scientific endeavours of DIHAR has contributed to socio-economic upliftment of local farmers.

Uttarakhand to set up Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve

Uttarakhand Government has decided to for Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR). This decision was taken by State Cabinet meeting. The force will have 85 posts and will help serve as the much needed second layer of protection for the big cat.

About Special Tiger Force (STPF)

It will be effective in checking illegal human intrusion into the reserve through villages located on its fringes and serve as a second layer of protection for tigers at the CTR. The decision is in line with Central Government’s guidelines for providing three-tier protection to tigers at reserves. It will help in conserving the population of 250 tigers at the reserve. It will be deployed at maximum on extremely sensitive southern fringe of reserve bordering Uttar Pradesh through which criminal elements keep trying to intrude into reserve areas. Illegal intruders from fringe areas have been behind poaching incidents in the reserve in the past.

Three-tier protection to tigers at reserves

1st layer of protection: It is provided in the inner range by beat level forest guards through regular patrols.

2nd layer of protection: It is provided by STPF.

3rd layer of protection: it comes from intelligence-gathering mechanisms in which forest, police and central intelligence agency personnel work together to prevent crimes like the poaching of tigers.

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