Current Affairs – August, 2020

Andhra Pradesh State Industrial Development Policy 2020-23

The Andhra Pradesh Government has launched a new State Industrial Development Policy for the year 2020-23. The policy aimed to create employment for youth and match national average in industrial GVA per capita. The previous Industrial Development Policy of the state was implemented between 2015-20

Highlights

The policy was unveiled by the State Industries Minister Gautam Reddy. The policy aims to promote well-balanced regional growth. It ensures fast turn out time for grounding investment proposals. Also, it will train and provide skills to workforce in order attract global investment.

The main objective of the policy is to create employment. It also intends to balance growth across regions and communities in the state. Also, it plans to achieve environmentally sustainable growth.

Key Features of the Policy

Infrastructure
  • The policy paves way to develop infrastructure facilities targeting MSMEs at affordable rates.
  • The policy will enable development of mega industrial parks according to the local needs.
Industrial Zoning
  • The industrial zoning is to be the key focus area of the policy to ensure planned industrial development.
  • The policy will also aim to provide risk-free investment friendly environment to industries. Above all, the policy will ensure minimised environmental impacts amidst industrial development.
Ease of Doing Business

The policy will also enable faster approval process and enable district level interventions.

Skill Development

The State Government of Andhra Pradesh is to create 30 skill development centres and two skill development universities under the policy. The policy will increase the speed of approval processes and enable district level interventions by collector and also will establish central helpline desk.

Background

The Policy has been prepared by the State Government after extensive consultations with the stakeholders in industrial, academics and corporate sectors. The policy will provide skilled labours, best-in-class infrastructure and end to end handholding support for units to provide industry friendly environment.

Significance of the Policy to India

The State is the 8th largest state in the country that holds 4% of population.

77 new species of butterfly found in Maharashtra

The study conducted by Bombay Natural History Society has found 77 new species of butterflies in the ecologically sensitive forest of Matheran hill station in Mumbai. With this the total number of butterfly species in the forest has gone up to 140.

Highlights

Matheran hill station is spread over 214 square kilo metres and is located at 80 km from the Maharashtra capital. The study was conducted between 2011 and 2019. This is the first study in the forest in 125 years.

Key Findings of the Study

The study found that seasonal variation in butterfly diversity was observed. The maximum diversity of butterflies was recorded in winter and the least was observed during monsoon. The study also said that the butterfly diversity in the region is stable and the chances of immigration or emigration to the surrounding regions are low.

Previous studies

Prior to the study that was done by BHNS, a British researcher J A Betham had surveyed the hills of Matheran for its butterfly diversity in 1894. He had reported 78 species of butterflies then.

Significance of Butterflies diversity

The Butterfly diversity indicate healthy environment and ecosystems. They indicate wide range of invertebrates. Butterfly diversity is seldom used by the ecologists to study the impact of habitat loss, climate change and habitat fragmentation.

Matheran Hills

It is a hill station located in the state of Maharashtra. The rock types in the hills are mainly composed of Deccan Trap.

Deccan Trap

Deccan Trap is a large igneous province in west-central India. The term trap has been used for the type of rock formations that are found in this region. They have multiple layers of flood basalt.

The Deccan Trap was formed 66.25 million years ago in the end of Cretaceous period.  Cretaceous period lasted between 145 million years ago and 66 million years ago. It is the final period of Mesozoic Era.