Current Affairs - December, 2018

Latest Current Affairs December, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of December, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Gitega named as the new capital of Burundi

The government of Burundi has declared Gitega as the country’s new political capital on 22nd December 2018. Bujumbura, the previous capital of Burundi, will serve as the economic capital of the country. President Nkurunziza had made this promise of shifting the capital in 2007 which has been implemented now.

The government has decided to hold future Cabinet meetings in Gitega and to establish five ministries in Gitega from the start of 2019. Gitega’s population is around 30 000  as compared to Bujumbura’s 1.2 million.

About Burundi

Burundi is a resource-poor, underdeveloped landlocked African country which shares its borders with Rwanda in the north, Tanzania in the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west. Burundi gained freedom from colonial rule in 1962. The political system of Burundi is that of a presidential representative democratic republic. About 85% of the population of Burundi is of Hutu ethnicity, 15% are of Tutsi origin and less than 1% are Twa. Burundi has extreme levels of poverty and rampant corruption. Burundi was ranked as the world’s least happy nation in the World Happiness Report 2018.

China launched its First Satellite for Space-based Broadband Services

China has launched its first communication satellite on 22nd December 2018 to offer broadband internet services to users worldwide. The communication satellite was launched using a Long March 11 carrier rocket which took off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in north-western China.  It is CASIC’s (China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation) first satellite launch under China’s Hongyun project. The satellite aims to rival Google and other companies which have similar plans for providing Internet services worldwide.

Hongyun Project

China started the Hongyun project in September 2016. Under this project, China plans to give broadband internet connectivity to users all over the world by building a space-based communications network. The project also seeks to take the Internet connectivity to the underserved regions of the world. CASIC will be placing than 150 Hongyun satellites on orbits about 1,000 km above the ground around 2023 and can be expanded as per the demand. It is to be noted that CASIC is the main contractor for Chinese space programs and a state-owned company.

A number of tech companies have already launched space-based broadband plans to provide free internet access that includes Google, SpaceX, OneWeb and Telesat.

The U.S.’ SpaceX launched Starlink project aims to put around 12,000 satellites in the space by the mid-2020s. A U.S. firm, OneWeb, will be launching a  constellation of 648 low-Earth orbit microsatellites by the end of 2019 to provide broadband services. A Chinese plans to launch a constellation of 272 satellites to provide free WiFi service worldwide.

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