Current Affairs - December, 2019

Current Affairs December, 2019 section is updated daily with latest Current Affairs and Current Events of December, 2019 for UPSC, IAS/PCS, Banking / IBPS, SSC, Railways, CLAT, NDA/CDS, UPPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, TNPSC, MPSC, KPSC and other competition exams.

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CSIR develop new technology of Geranium Production

CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) has developed a new low-cost technology to produce Geranium saplings. Geranium acts as an anti-inflammatory and anti-septic agent. It has several medicinal values. The development has been made under Aroma Mission.

About the Technology

The geranium cultivation is being done in aerated glass house currently. With the help of the new technology, geranium can be cultivated at farms just like every other crop.

Also, the other major problem of Geranium cultivation is availability of saplings. The saplings become expensive as the crop gets ruined in rainy season. With the new technology, the saplings can easily be obtained as they are being cultivated in open farms.

Geranium

The plant is originally from South Africa and is predominantly used in manufacturing essential oils. November is the best suitable sowing season of Geranium. In India, the plant is cultivated in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and North Easter Regions.

Aroma Mission

The mission was launched to boost cultivation of aromatic crops and medicinal plants. It includes rosemary, lavender and lemon grass. It aims to help farmers fight climate change in rural areas. Under the mission the crops are to be promoted in unproductive and waste lands. It also includes lands that are affected by drought, salinity, water scarcity and floods.

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MiG 27 Retire: Last Squadron of fighter jet Decommissioned

The MiG-27, which is known to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as the ‘Flogger’ and to Indian Air Force (IAF) as ‘Bahadur’, flew its last sortie in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. After this flight, IAF bid adieu to its squadron of seven aircraft as all were decommissioned. The last MiG-27 unit to operate the jet, Number 29 Squadron, bid farewell to jet in Jodhpur Air Base where the aircraft participated in a flypast.

About MiG-27

The ace attacker was commissioned into Indian Air Force in 1985 and remained an integral part of Indian Air Force’s combat strength since then. The lethal aircraft, for their role during the 1999 Kargil War, earned the nickname ‘Bahadur’ from IAF pilots.

The swing-wing fighter has been the backbone of IAF’s ground-attack fleet for several decades. The upgraded variant of this last swing-wing fighter fleet has been pride of IAF strike fleet since 2006. All other variants, like MiG-23 BN and MiG-23 MF and pure MiG-27 have already retired from IAF.

This fleet earned its glory in historic Kargil conflict between India and Pakistan, when it delivered rockets and bombs with accuracy on enemy positions. It actively participated in ‘Operation Parakram’.

Reason for Decommissioning: For 35 years, MiG-27, a curiously designed fighter-bomber has been at forefront of IAF’s attack fleet. However, while MiG-27 had been backbone of IAF for the past three decades, the jets were also infamous for routine accidents throughout their career with Indian Air Force. In three decades plus of operations, at least a squadron’s strength (18 aircraft) are thought to have been lost with several fatal injuries to pilots. Two MiG-27s have been lost in crashes this year alone.

The Number 29 Squadron

The Squadron was raised on 10 March 1958, at Air Force Station Halwara with Ouragan (Toofani) aircraft. Over the years, Squadron has been equipped with numerous types of fighters like MiG-21 Type 77, MiG-21 Type 96, MiG-27 ML and MiG-27 upgrade. It is the only unit in IAF operating MiG-27 upgrades. The upgraded version has also participated in numerous national and international exercises, because because of its survivability.

As all seven aircraft of this squadron were decommissioned on 27 December 2019 from Jodhpur Air Base, the squadron itself is supposed to be ‘number-plated’ in March 2020 whereby it will cease to operate for the moment.

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