Current Affairs - December, 2019

Current Affairs December, 2019 section is updated daily with latest Current Affairs and Current Events of December, 2019 for UPSC, IAS/PCS, Banking / IBPS, SSC, Railways, CLAT, NDA/CDS, UPPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, TNPSC, MPSC, KPSC and other competition exams.

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2 December: National Pollution Control Day

Every year 2 December is observed as National Pollution Control Day to commemorate the people who lost their lives in the unfortunate incident of Bhopal Gas Tragedy that occurred on this day in 1984.

About National Pollution Control Day

Objective: National Pollution Control Day has three major objectives:

  • To raise awareness about increasing air pollution and educating people about how to control and manage industrial disasters.
  • To make everyone aware of significance of pollution control acts and ways and to reduce the level of pollution
  • To control/ prevent industrial pollution that is a result of human negligence.

Significance:  The day shows how impactful air pollution is. As per National Health Portal of India (NHPI), every year about 7 million people globally die due to air pollution. NHPI also states that condition is so worse that 9 among 10 people globally do not have access to safe air. Air pollution is responsible for the damage of ozone layer and the pollutants present in air can potentially pass through protective barriers present in the body and can damage your lungs, brain, and heart.

About Bhopal Gas Tragedy

The year 2019 celebrated the 35th anniversary of Bhopal Gas Tragedy that took the life of thousands of people at midnight on 2 December 1984. Bhopal Gas Tragedy occurred after a highly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas made its way into and around area situated near Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal and is considered as the world’s worst industrial disaster. As per official data, the incident claimed lives of 2,259 people immediately after incident, however, the Madhya Pradesh government had confirmed that a total of 3787 people died due to gas release.

NOTE: National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) is national governing body responsible for regulating conducts checks on industries to know whether they are following environmental regulations or not.

30 November: 10th Indian Organ Donation Day celebrated

The 10th Indian Organ Donation Day was celebrated on 30 November 2019. Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare presided over, Dr. Harsh Vardhan presided over 10th Indian Organ Donation Day at a function held at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The celebration was organised by NOTTO (National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization.

Background: Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) had launched 6th World and first ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress in 2010 in New Delhi.

About National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO)

Union government set up National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) as a mandate of Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011. As specified by the Act, NOTTO is performing the functions of National Human Organs & Tissues Removal and Storage Network.

NOTTO is responsible for putting systems in place for organ donation, carrying out activities for promotion of organ donation from deceased persons, and transplantation and training needed manpower etc.

The procurement and sharing of organs obtained from deceased donors and allocation of procured organs is done by NOTTO, SOTTOs & ROTTOs. NOTTO sets up networking among hospitals and tissue banks at national level, while ROTTO at regional level and SOTTO at State level. The networking of transplant/ retrieval hospitals is done to ensure that any organ which is donated does not get wasted.

Organ Donation in India

As per data available on Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation, India performs 2nd largest number of transplants in world, next only to USA. However, India has a dismal 0.65 per million population (PMP) Organ Donation Rate and need is to improve this.