Current Affairs - December, 2019

Current Affairs December, 2019 section is updated daily with latest Current Affairs and Current Events of December, 2019 for UPSC, IAS/PCS, Banking / IBPS, SSC, Railways, CLAT, NDA/CDS, UPPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, TNPSC, MPSC, KPSC and other competition exams.

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India and Sweden to sign Polar Science Cooperation Agreement

India and Sweden are to sign their first maritime cooperation agreement during the Swedish Royal couple visit. The agreement includes cooperation between the countries in both Arctic and Antarctic regions and hence the name Polar Science.

Significance

In the last few years, India has signed series of maritime agreements to exchange military information and to extend the reach of its armed forces in the arctic region. This will help India to learn about resource exploration and keep in pace.

The agreement further aids in India’s ambitions in strengthening its defence forces. The agreement will help India get access to Russian bases in the Arctic.

Royal Couple Visit

The Swedish Royal Couple King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden are to visit India for 5 days. This is the third visit of the Swedish Royals to the country. Earlier the visits were in 1993 and 2005.

The bilateral trade between India and Sweden was 3.37 billion USD in 2018. The relations between the countries have been friendly, transparent and by rule of law.

2 December: International Day for Abolition of Slavery

Every year 2 December is observed as International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, across the world. The yearly event is organized by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and was first celebrated in 1986.

International Day for Abolition of Slavery

Objective: The day focuses on eradication of contemporary forms of slavery, like trafficking in persons, forced marriage, worst forms of child labour, forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict and sexual exploitation.

Why the date? On 2 December1949, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) approved the Convention for Suppression of Traffic in Persons and of Exploitation of Prostitution of Others.

Other Efforts: On 18 December 2002, UNGA by its resolution 57/195 of 2002 proclaimed 2004 to be- ‘International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition’. In November 2016 International Labour Organisation (ILO) adopted a new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force. Moreover, ILO also launched, 50 for Freedom campaign which aims to persuade about 50 countries to ratify Forced Labour Protocol by end of 2019.

Main Forms of Modern Slavery:

  1. Forced labour
  2. Child labour
  3. Trafficking

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