Current Affairs - January, 2019

Latest Current Affairs January, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of January, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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LRSAM Successfully Tested from coast of Odisha

India has successfully flight tested Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM) from a warship off Odisha coast. The LRSAM successfully destroyed a low flying aerial target. This paves way for its deployment in the armed forces.

Features of the LRSAM

The important features of the LRSAM are:

  • LRSAM has been jointly developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India and M/s Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) for the Indian Navy.
  • The LRSAM was test fired in operational configuration on board INS Chennai positioned in the Arabian Sea.
  • The missile was first tested from INS Kolkata on western seaboard in 2015. It had achieved all objectives.
  • LRSAM has an operational range of 75 km and it can destroy airborne threats like jets, aircraft, anti-ship missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles and rockets including projectiles launched simultaneously.
  • The LRSAM has a length of about 4.5 meters, a diameter of 0.54 metre, a wingspan of 0.94 meters and weighs around 275 kg including a 60 kg warhead which detonates at proximity.

LRSAM would be inducted in both Army and Navy after completion of its developmental trials.

Jammu and Kashmir Governor gives assent to Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014

Governor of Jammu and Kashmir Satya Pal Malik has given his assent to the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014, providing reservation in government jobs for Pahari community.

Features of the Amendment Bill

The features of the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2014 are:

  • The amendment provides for reservation in government jobs for the persons belonging to the Pahari community, clan or tribe having a distinct cultural, ethnic and linguistic identity.
  • The amendment creates a separate category for the persons belonging to Pahari community, clan or tribe having distinct, cultural, ethnic and linguistic identity among the Socially and Educationally Backward classes (other than Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes).
  • The bill empowers the government of Jammu and Kashmir to notify method and authority for identification of Pahari Community.

Pahari Community

The Pahari Community also called as Pahadi and Parbati belongs to  Indo-Aryan ethnic group inhabiting Himalayan regions of Nepal and India.

Pahari community has historically faced economic distress resulting in an overall socio-economic backwardness of the community due to the remoteness and inaccessibility of the areas that they have been living in.

As a result of this socio-economic backwardness, Paharis were not able to compete with other sections of the society in terms of access to education and health care due to these disadvantages. Hence to address these gaps the government of Jammu and Kashmir has extended the reservation in Jobs.