Current Affairs 2017 (July)

Former freedom fighter K.E. Mammen passes away

Freedom fighter K.E. Mammen passed away due to age-related diseases in Neyyatinkara, Kerala. He was 96. He was a pacifist and adherent follower of Mahatma Gandhi

About K.E. Mammen

He was born into the renowned Kandathil family on July 31, 1921, in Thiruvananthapuram. He was a staunch believer of Gandhian principles and led an austere life. From an early age, he had lent his support for the freedom struggle. He became active in the freedom movement as a college student.

He was first jailed for taking an open stand against Sir C.P Ramaswamy Iyer, the then Dewan of the erstwhile Travancore state. Later he participated in the Quit India Struggle. In recent years, he was an active social worker, forefront in the anti-liquor campaign in Kerala.

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IMF retains India 2017 GDP growth forecast at 7.2%

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its July World Economic Outlook (WEO) Update has retained India’s projected GDP growth rate at 7.2% for 2017-18, slightly up from 7.1% in the previous year.

However, update projects that India’s growth would accelerate to 7.7% in 2018-19. India’s economic growth slowed down to 7.1% in 2016-17, sharply lower than 8% in 2015-16 due to the effect of demonetisation.

Key Highlights of WEO Updates

Global Scenario: The global economic growth rate will be 3.5% in 2017 and 3.6% in 2018. The economic activity in both advanced and emerging and developing economies is accelerating. Moreover, inflation in advanced economies remains subdued and generally below target and also declining in several emerging economies.

United States growth projections are lower than in April WEO update, primarily reflecting that its fiscal policy will be less expansionary going forward than previously anticipated. The growth also has been revised up for Japan and especially the Euro area, indicating solid momentum in activity in late 2016 and early 2017. Growth in the ASEAN-5 economies is projected to remain robust at around 5 % with increase in global trade and strengthening domestic demand.

Indian Economy: It will be fastest growing major economy in the world and in Asia. According to government estimate, Indian economy is expected to grow 7.5% in the current financial year as abundant monsoon as rains are expected to boost rural income and overall growth.

China’s economy: It is projected to grow by 6.7% in 2017, up 0.1% points from the April 2017 forecast, and 6.4% in 2018, up by 0.2% points from earlier forecasts by the IMF. Despite China’s rise in growth projections, India’s economy will still be the fastest growing among large economies.

About World Economic Outlook (WEO)

The WEO is a survey conducted and published by the IMF. It is published biannually and partly updated two times a year. It portrays the world economy in the near and medium context, with growth projections for up to four years into the future. WEO forecasts include key macroeconomic indicators, such as GDP, inflation, fiscal balance and current account of more than 180 countries around the globe. It also deals with major economic policy issues.

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