Current Affairs – July, 2018

Latest Current Affairs July, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of July, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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STA-1: India becomes first South Asian country to get access to US cutting-edge technology

United States has designated India as Strategic Trade Authorization-1 (STA-1) country that will allow country to buy highly advanced and cutting-edge sensitive technologies from America. This coveted status brings India in par with US’s closest allies and partners such as NATO.

STA-1 designation authorizes export, re-export and transfer (in-country) of specified items on Commerce Control List to destinations posing a low risk of unauthorised or impermissible uses. Currently there are 36 countries on STA-1 list. India is only South Asian country to be on the list. Other Asian countries designated as STA-1 are Japan and South Korea.

Key Facts

Under STA-1, India and US have reached understanding under which India will receive license-free access to wide range of dual-use technologies in conjunction with steps that India has committed to take to advance its export control objectives. STA-1 treatment will expand scope of technology exports subject to Export Administration Regulations (EAR) that can be made to India without individual licenses. It will further enhance bilateral defence trade relationship and result in a greater volume of US exports to India.


This new designation reflects India’s membership in three of four multilateral export control regimes, as well development of its national export control system. It will allow US companies to more efficiently export much wider range of products to Indian high technology and military customers. It will benefit US manufacturers while continuing to protect its national security.

It will provide India greater supply chain efficiency, both for defence and for other high-tech products that will increase activity with US systems, interoperability of systems and will reduce time and resources needed to get licensing approved. It will improve India’s partnership with United States to improve its own export control regimes and has met most of the export control rules which the US thinks is useful. It will be also competitive advantage for US, in terms of supplying those kinds of products to India.

Scutoid: Scientists discover new shape after studying human cells

Scientists have identified new shape called scutoid while studying epithelial cells. Epithelial tissue is one of four kinds of tissue that forms human bodym  which  acts as safety shield of body that make up cell walls lining our blood vessels and organs. Scutoid shape has five sides on one end and six on the other and a triangular surface on one of its longer edges. and It is completely new to geometry and resembles beetle’s scutellum (shield-like structure) from top-down view.

Key Facts

Scientists had used computer modeling and imaging to identify this shape. It had produced strange, prism-like shape, one with six sides on one end, five on other, and strange triangular protrusion coming out of one of sides. Scientists had used microcopy and computer imaging to supplement findings of computer modeling by taking up-close look at epithelial tissues of fruit flies and zebrafish. As predicted, they discovered scutoid shape.


As tissues and organs develop, epithelial cells squish together, twisting and turning into highly efficient and complex 3-D structures of scutoid shape that help block microbes from entering our skin or organs. It also makes the packing stable and “energetically efficient.”

The discovery of scutoid shape will help to explain how cells arrange themselves in tightly packed three-dimensional (3D) structures that serve as protective barriers in body. It will contribute to the field of tissue engineering specifically development of artificial organs. It will be useful in other fields beyond biology, such as mathematics and engineering.