Current Affairs - July 2019

Latest Current Affairs July, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of July, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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30 June: International Day of Parliamentarism

Every year 30 June is celebrated across the world as International Day of Parliamentarism. It marks day of establishment of Inter-Parliamentary Union, the global organization of parliaments in 1889.

About International Day of Parliamentarism

Background: It was established by United Nations General Assembly in 2018 by adopting n its resolution A/RES/72/278. The day seeks to unite all parliamentarians of the world. The year 2019 is the 130th anniversary of IPU.

It recognized role played by parliaments in national plans and strategies and in ensuring greater transparency and accountability at national as well as global levels.

Significance: The Day celebrates parliaments and ways in which parliamentary systems of government improve everday lives of people throughout the world. It is also an opportunity for parliaments to identify challenges, and stock ways to address them effectively.

About Inter-Parliamentary Union

IPU is the world organization of parliaments. It connects national parliaments in order to promote greater accountability, transparency and participation at global level.

Along with other parliamentary organizations, IPU engages with UN on activities that cover a broad range of issues, such as health, gender equality, youth empowerment, peace and security, human rights and sustainable development.

Facts About Parliaments

Every country in world has some form of representative government be it Presidential form or Parliamentary form.

A parliamentary system is of two categories:

  1. Bicameral-with two chambers of parliament
  2. Unicameral-with one chamber

Out of 193 countries, 79 are bicameral and 114 are unicameral, which makes a total of 272 chambers of parliament with more than 46,000 members of parliament.

Althingi, the Icelandic Parliament, founded in 930 is World’s oldest parliament.

Importance: Strong parliaments are a cornerstone of democracy as they represent voice of people, allocate funds to implement laws and policies, pass laws and hold governments accountable to people.

India sign Rs.200 crore deal with Russia to acquire Strum Ataka

India has signed Rs.200 crore deal with Russia for acquiring Strum Ataka anti-tank missile for its fleet of Mi-35 attack choppers of Indian Air Force (IAF). This deal comes in wake of an IAF’s attempt to keep itself battle-ready in situations like post-Balakot aerial strikes.

Key Highlights

This Rs.200 crore deal for Strum Ataka anti-tank missile would give an added capability to Mi-35 attack choppers of IAF to take out enemy tanks and other armoured elements.

Mi-35s are set to be replaced with Apache gunships being acquired from United States (US) and slated to be delivered from August onwards.

Emergency Clause: For more than a decade India has been trying to acquire Russian missiles but the deal has been signed under emergency clauses through which missiles would be supplied within 3 months of contract signing.

What is Emergency Clause?

Within few weeks after 14 February Pulwama terror attack in which 40 CRPF personnel were killed, emergency powers were given to Indian Defence forces and India started increasing vigil at borders with Pakistan.

Under, emergency powers given to three services, they can procure equipment of their choice within 3 months at a cost of about Rs.300 crore per case.

IAF has emerged as front runner in terms of weapon acquisition under emergency procurement, followed by Indian Army.

Under emergency provisions IAF has acquired also acquired Spice-2000 stand-off weapon system along with a number of spare and air to air missile deals with multiple counties to equip itself for sudden war.