Current Affairs – July, 2019

Latest Current Affairs July, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of July, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC / IAS, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Health Ministry bans Colistin in Animal Food Industry

Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has banned manufacture, sale and distribution of antibiotic, Colistin as well as its formulations for food producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements. The ban is announced in a bid to preserve drug’s efficacy in humans.

What is Colistin?

It is a valuable, last-resort antibiotic that saves lives in critical care units. It is effective against most Gram-negative bacilli. It is also known as polymyxin E.

It is an antibiotic for therapeutic purpose in veterinary but it is highly misused in poultry industry as a growth promoter for prophylactic purpose. Thus one of reason for antibiotic resistance in India is due to unwanted use of Colistin in poultry industry.

Issue: In recent years, medical professionals have been alarmed by number of patients who have exhibited resistance to this drug. In late 2018 researchers from Apollo Cancer Hospital, Chennai claimed that samples of raw food lifted from across Chennai had tested positive for colistin-resistant bacteria.

Key Highlights about Colistin Ban

The ban has been imposed under provisions of section 26A of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.

Reason: As per the notification issued by Centre in regard of ban, it was brought to notice of Central government that use of drug Colistin and its formulations for food producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements is likely to involve risk to human beings thus following which Drug Technical Advisory Board (DTAB), government’s top advisory body on technical matters related to drugs in India considered the matter and recommended prohibiting Colistin.

Health Ministry also directed that manufacturers of colistin and its formulations (as it is also used to treat humans) shall affix a label on container of drug reading: Not to be used in food producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements: on package, insert and promotional literature.

Significance: The move is a massive victory for movement against anti-microbial resistance. As per experts, the ban would ensure that colistin does not enter food people eat, and thus people don’t develop resistance to the antibiotic.

Month: Categories: Environment & Biodiversity

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Bhabha Kavach: India’s 1st Lightest, Indigenous Bullet Proof Jacket gets MHA nod

Indigenously produced lightweight bullet proof jacket Bhabha Kavach was launched at International Police Expo 2019 held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi. The jacket which is a major breakthrough for Paramilitary Forces and Indian armed forces got nod from Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

About Bhabha Kavach

India’s Lightest Bullet Proof Jacket ‘Bhabha Kavach’ by was launched at the International Police Expo 2019.

Indigenously Developed: by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI).

Features:

It is a state-of-the-art jacket that can withstand 7.62mm hard steel core or bullets fired from an AK-47 rifle, 5.56mm INSAS (INdian Small Arms System) bullet and even recently decommissioned 7.65mm bullet of self-loading rifle (SLR).

It has four hard armour plates that offers 360 Degree Protection to wearer from the front, back, and either side.

BARC: It is powered with nano technology from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). The BARC’s carbon nanomaterial sprayed on hard armour plate instils the toughness and tenacity needed to slow down and trap a bullet as it passes through the plate.

Layers: It is built from layers of high-density, high-tenacity polyethelene, which are thermo-sealed i.e. layers are fused together at high temperature which then forms thick, hard armour plate that is then sprayed with BARC’s carbon nanomaterial.

Weight: It is half Kilogram lesser than prescribed weight of MHA i.e. it only weighs 9.2kg.

Protection Level: It has achieved protection level of NIJ III+ (National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Ballistic Levels Protection Level III). The jacket has a 5 year warranty.

Need: The rising graph of instances related to terrorism, cyber crime & various other kind of ethnic group conflicts have increased demand for a robust homeland infrastructure in India.

Significance:

Bhabha Kavach is the lightest and a better jacket now available for Indian Defense forces which will be a great piece of equipment for India’s paramilitary forces and state police forces operating in Naxalite areas.

Right from development stage, the developers received immense response from armed forces for Bhabha Kavach.

Month: Categories: Science & Technology

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