Current Affairs – July, 2019

Latest Current Affairs July, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of July, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC / IAS, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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IUCN adds more than 7,000 to its Red List

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has added more than 7,000 animals, fish and plants to its endangered Red List. IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species shows that more and more species assessed are being threatened with extinction. It also warned against mankind’s destruction of nature that is driving species to brink of extinction at an unprecedented rate.

Key Highlights of update to IUCN Red  List

IUCN has now assessed over 1,05,000 species worldwide, around 28,000 of which risk extinction. Therefore, highlighting that nature is declining at rates unprecedented in human history.

It shows that every 5th species is threatened with extinction

While each group of organisms face specific threats, human behaviour which includes overfishing and deforestation, was biggest driver of plunging/rapidly declining populations of species.

Most Imperilled Marine Families on Earth: includes Wedgefishes and giant guitarfishes, which are known collectively as Rhino Rays due to their elongated snouts.

False Shark Ray is on brink of extinction after overfishing in waters off of Mauritania, a country in Northwest Africa saw its population collapse by 80% in last 45 years.

It brings out an alarming rate of decline of freshwater and deep sea species such as over 50% of Japan’s endemic freshwater fishes are under extinction.

Concern: More than 500 deep-sea bony fish and molluscs have been added to list for 1st time. This poses something of a conservation conundrum as space these species inhabit is 1,000 metres beneath surface that is often beyond national boundaries.

7 Primate species are closer to extinction on new Red list. It includes Roloway Monkey of Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana, with fewer than 2,000 individuals left in wild.

Main Drivers: of this decline are loss of free flowing rivers and severe habitat loss due to increasing agricultural and urban pollution.

Way Ahead

It would be more beneficial that human beings wake up to the fact that conserving nature’s diversity is in our interest.

According to global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2011-2020)’s Target 12, the extinction of known threatened species has to be prevented by 2020 and target also includes an improvement in the conservation status of species.

About International Union for Conservation of Nature

It is an international organization founded by Julian Huxley on 5 October 1948 in Fontainebleau, France.

It works in field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources which involves data gathering, education, field projects, research and analysis, and advocacy.

Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland

Members: 1300

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

It was founded in 1964.

It is world’s most comprehensive inventory of global conservation status of biological species.

It uses a set of criteria to evaluate extinction risk of thousands of species/subspecies.

Headquarters: United Kingdom (UK)

Parent organization: IUCN

Month: Categories: Environment & Biodiversity


11th DefExpo India- 2020 to be held in Lucknow

The 11th edition of DefExpo India- 2020 is scheduled to be held for 1st time in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The biennial Expo will be a 4-day event, beginning from 5 to 8 February 2020. It offers an excellent opportunity for Indian defence industry to showcase its capabilities and promote its export potential.

About DefExpo

Theme for DefExpo India- 2020 will be ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’. Its focus will be on ‘Digital Transformation of Defence’.

Unique Platform: It would provide a unique platform for Defence industry Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), exhibitors and private industry to display their latest innovations and capabilities in the field.

It would also provide an opportunity to major foreign OEMs to collaborate with Indian defence industry and help promote Make in India initiative.

Visitors: The DefExpo is expected to be visited by Ministerial level delegations from foreign countries and visitors from all over world to witness India’s emergence as major manufacturing hub.

B2B & G2G: At DefExpo international level shows are conducted that not only facilitates Government-to-Government (G2G) meetings, signing of Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) between participants but also Business-to-Business (B2B) interaction with senior foreign delegations.


The Expo would provide attractive opportunities for co-development and co-production of defence equipment and systems not only for our defence forces but also for exporting it globally.

It will also highlight emergence of UP as an attractive destination for investment in Defence sector and act as a platform for alliances and joint ventures in defence industry.

Defence Industrial Infrastructure in UP

It has 4 units of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) at Lucknow, Kanpur, Korwa and Naini (Prayagraj).

9 ordnance factory units- such as Kanpur, Korwa, Shahjahanpur and Firozabad

1 unit of Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) at Ghaziabad

India’s one of two Defence Industrial Corridors (DICs) is also planned in UP while other DIC is proposed in Tamil Nadu. These corridors encourage Defence Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), like Indian defence industry and promote Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs).

Month: Categories: Defence & Security