Current Affairs – July, 2020

USFDA approves COVID-19 pool testing for the first time

On July 18, 2020, the United States Food and Drug Administration issued emergency use authorization to allow pool sampling from up to four individuals to test COVID-19.

Highlights

Sample pooling allows multiple people to be tested using fewer testing resources. The test collects samples and tests in batches or pool rather than running each individual sample. When the pool says positive, each sample is tested again individually. When the pool says negative, next set of samples are loaded.

The sample pool testing helps to increase testing in a country.

India

India began pool testing in April 2020. RT-PCR is the most effective testing to detect COVID-19. However, it is time consuming and expensive. Therefore, pool testing is conducted in RT-PCR machines to save time and resources.

India has also adopted antigen and rapid antibody testing to fasten the testing process.

India attends third G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meet

On July 18, 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman participated in third G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meet. The meet was presided by Saudi Arabia.

Highlights

During the first meeting, India shared its G20 Action plan in response to COVID-19 that was endorsed by all the G20 finance ministers and central bank governors. During the third meet, India shared global economic outlook amid evolving COVID-19 crisis.

Discussions

India discussed two of the deliverables at the meet. One was about enhancing access to opportunities for women and youth. The other was about international taxation agenda related to digital sector.