Current Affairs – June, 2014

Latest Current Affairs June, 2014 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of June, 2014 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Jordanian envoy first Muslim to be elected UN human rights chief

T​he nomination of Prince Zeid al Hussein of Jordan of as the new High Commissioner for Human Rights  was unanimously approved by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). He succeeds outgoing Navi Pillay of South Africa.​ He is the first High Commissioner from the Asian continent and from the Muslim and Arab worlds.

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights:

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, headquartered in Geneva, has the authority to promote and protect the enjoyment and full realization, by all people, of all rights founded in the UN Charter and in international human rights laws and pacts. It is mandated to preventing violations of human rights, assuring respect for all human rights, encourage international cooperation to safeguard human rights, synchronizing related activities throughout the UN, and bolstering and streamlining the UN system in the sphere of human rights. Besides its mandated responsibilities, the Office leads efforts to incorporate a human rights approach within all work conducted by UN bodies.​

Juan Manuel Santos gets another term as President of Colombia

Juan Manuel Santos has secured another term as the President of Colombia as he has won the recently held presidential poll. His victory symbolizes peoples support to his 18-month-old peace negotiations to end country’s longest-running conflict with the left-wing FARC rebel group.

The violent conflict which has been running for several decades has inflicted huge damage to Colombia. It involved armed groups, drug cartels and glaring violations of human rights, although since 2002, the country has made some progress towards improving security.​

Colombia: An Overview 

Geographically, Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America and one of the most populous nations in this continent. The country has sizeable oil reserves and is a major producer of gold, silver, emeralds, platinum and coal.

Since the 1960s, the country has been ailing from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict between the united group of liberal and left-wing guerillas or FARC group and anti-communist Colombian government which has the military and financial backing of the US. Both the paramilitary and the rebel group have been accused of engaging in drug trafficking and terrorism and violations of human rights.  The conflict intensified in the 1990s, but since 2000 the conflict has decreased considerably. The peace talks between the government and the FARC began in 2012. Right-wing groups are surrendering under a peace initiative. CurrentPresident Santos maintains his predecessor’s tough stance against the FARC.

Economically, despite growth in recent years, millions dwell in poverty. The country has also inked a Free Trade Agreement with the US. Colombia is a big recipient of US assistance and is a steadfast ally of Washington.