Current Affairs – June, 2015

05 June: World Environment Day

Every year World Environment Day (WED) is observed on 05 June to raise global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and the planet Earth.

The theme for year 2015 is Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care. The theme highlights the need to respect the carrying capacity of the planet earth and to manage natural resources efficiently to ensure prosperity and wellbeing globally.

Observing this day is global initiative of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The host country for the WED 2015 is Italy.

To mark this day Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated a tree plantation campaign across India by planting Kadamb sapling at the lawns of his Race Course Road residence.

About World Environment Day (WED)

  • WED was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 1972 which began in Stockholm.
  • The first World Environment Day was observed in 1973 and since then it is being held every year with a different themes.

Delhi Metro gets first driver-less train from South Korea

Delhi Metro has received its first driver-less train from Republic of South Korea which is capable of running without a driver.

The six-coach train has been manufactured at Changwan in South Korea and had arrived by sea at the Mundhra port in Gujarat and was brought to Delhi by road.

Facts about driver-less metro train

  • The train is equipped with several advanced features and will be operational from by the end of 2016.
  • It has undergone significant technological as well as eco-friendly upgrades.
  • It is more energy efficient as it has improved design features such as better regeneration of energy during braking, energy efficient sub systems like LED lighting and air conditioning systems.
  • Many additional features have been added in this train to increase passenger comfort.
  • This train can accommodate 2280 passengers, which is 240 more than the regular six-coach Metro train because of absence of cabin for the operator coach.
  • It is designed for a maximum speed of 95 kmph and operational speed of 85 kmph

Such driver-less trains will ply on sections of Phase-III of the Delhi metro network. They will run on the over 58 km-long Majlish Park-Shiv Vihar and the over 38 km-long Janakpuri (West)-Botanical Garden corridors of the Phase-III.

A total of 20 six-coach trains will be manufactured in South Korea by the end 2015. While, 61 trains will be manufactured at the Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) plant located in Bengaluru, Karnataka.