Current Affairs – June, 2018

Latest Current Affairs June, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of June, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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10th Meeting of Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis held in New Delhi

The 10th Meeting of Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF) was held in New Delhi, India. It was inaugurated by Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda. This is second time India hosted meeting of GAELF. Earlier in 2002, India had hosted second meeting of GAELF.

Key Facts

The 10th meeting recognized that India has highest burden of Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) and there is need of taking leadership role to Eliminate lymphatic filariasis. It provided insight of larger global programme and enable them join discussion and contribute to solutions. On this occasion, GAELF awards was presented to 11 countries- Cambodia, Egypt, Maldives, Cook Islands, Niue, Marshall Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, Togo and Vanuatu, for successfully interrupting the transmission. Moreover, India’s Accelerated Plan for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) 2018 was also released.

Lymphatic Filariasis (LF)

LF is commonly known as Elephantiasis. It is one of oldest and most debilitating neglected trophical disease, which is currently endemic in 73 countries of the world, including India. LF disease is caused mainly by Wuchereria Bancrofti and spread by Culex mosquito. This mosquito grows in dirty accumulated water. The disease affects the poorest population in society, particularly those living in areas with poor sanitation, water and hygiene. LF does not kill affected people, but may cause permanent disfigurement, reduced productivity and social stigma.

Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF)

GAELF is alliance of partners from 72 LF endemic national country programmes, NGOs, private sectors, academic and research institutes and international development agencies that assists WHO’s Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis.  It was formed in 2001, since then it is being held biennially.

Month:  Categories: Events & Observances

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NITI Aayog launches Composite Water Management Index

The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog launched Composite Water Management Index as useful tool to assess and improve performance in efficient management of water resources. The index aims to inspire States/UTs towards efficient and optimal utilization of water and recycling thereof with sense of urgency.

Key Facts

The composite water management index comprises of nine parameters and 28 indicators. These include various aspects of ground water, irrigation, restoration of water bodies, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance. For purpose of analysis, reporting states of index were divided into two special groups North Eastern and Himalayan states and Other States to take into account different hydrological conditions across these groups.

Ranking of States/UTs

General States or Other States: Gujarat topped the list followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Jharkhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were worst performers among general States. In terms of incremental change, it was Rajasthan which held the first position.

North-eastern and Himalayan states: Tripura has topped the list followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.

Significance

Composite water management index’s ranking of states/UTs will ensure that principle of competitive and cooperative federalism is actualised in India’s water management system. It will help build pressure on states who have not performed well to improve their water management techniques as this is directly linked to agriculture prosperity in different states. It can be also utilised to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources. It will provide useful information for States and also for concerned Central Ministries and Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.

Need for index

India in recent times is suffering from worst water crisis in its history. Millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat due to this crisis. Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about 2 lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. It is estimated crisis is going to get worse by 2030 when India’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply. In view of limitations on availability of water resources and rising demand for water, sustainable management of water resources has acquired critical importance. The Composite Water Management Index will fulfil mandate of cooperative and competitive federalism and also challenges States/UTs to meet aspirations of new India.

Month:  Categories: Reports & Indices

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