Current Affairs – June, 2018

Latest Current Affairs June, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of June, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Explained: Seva Bhoj Yojna

The Union Ministry of Culture has launched Seva Bhoj Yojna, a new scheme to provide financial assistance on purchase of specific food items by Charitable Religious Institutions (CRIs) for free distribution among people. Under this scheme, Centre’s share of Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) charged on the raw food materials purchased by the religious institutions will be refunded.

Seva Bhoj Yojna

The scheme aims reimburse Central Government share of CGST and Integrated Goods and Service Tax (IGST) of Charitable Religious Institutions (CRIs) who provide food, prasad, langar (Community Kitchen), Bhandara free of cost without any discrimination to public and devotees. This will help to lessen the financial burden of such Charitable Religious Institutions.

Beneficiaries: CRIs such as Temples, Gurudwara, Mosque, Church, Dharmik Ashram, Dargah, Matth, Monasteries etc. having existence for at least five years and serve free food to at least 5000 people  in month. Such institutions will be given grant under the scheme if they are covered under Section 10 (23BBA) of Income Tax (IT) Act or are institutions registered as Society under Societies Registration Act (XXI of 1860) or as Public Trust under any law for time being in force of statuary religious bodies or institutions registered under Section 12AA of IT Act

Selection: All eligible institutions must registered with Darpan portal of Ministry of Culture. The applications will be examined by committee constituted for purpose. On basis of the recommendation of committee, competent authority in Ministry of Culture will register CRIs for reimbursing claim of CGST and Central Government share of IGST paid on mentioned specific items.

Month:  Categories: Government Schemes & Projects

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EPIC planet: Indian PRL scientists discover new planet

Scientists from Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad have discovered for first time distant planet revolving around Sun-like star. Both the planet and the star have been named EPIC. With this discovery India joins handful of countries which have discovered planets around stars.

EPIC planet

The planet has been named as EPIC 211945201b (or K2-236b) and host star has been named EPIC 211945201 (or K2-236). The EPIC planet is six times bigger than Earth and revolves around host about 600 light years away. EPIC was found circling very close to its host star, going around it once in about 19.5 days.

EPIC planet is smaller in size compared to Saturn and but is bigger than Neptune. Its mass is about 27 times Earth’s and six times that of Earth at radius. Its 60% mass may be made up of heavy elements like ice, silicates and iron. The planet is unlikely to be inhabitable because of its high surface temperature of around 600°C.

Discovery method

The discovery was made using PRL-designed PARAS (PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-sky Search) spectrograph to measure and confirm the mass of the new planet. PARAS is first of its kind spectrograph in the country which can measure the mass of planet going around star. It is integrated with 1.2-metre telescope located at PRL’s Gurushikhar Observatory in Mount Abu, Rajasthan. Very few such spectrographs exist around the world (mostly in US and in Europe) that can do such precise measurements.

Significance

The discovery of EPIC planetary system adds to sparse catalogue of 22 other confirmed exoplanet systems that have mass and radius in range between Saturn and Neptune. It will help in understanding formation mechanism of such super-Neptune or sub-Saturn kind of planets that are too close to host star. This planet is very unlike those in our own Solar System, by studying them will tell us more about how planetary systems are formed.

Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)

It is national research institute for space and allied sciences, supported mainly by Department of Space (DST) of Government of India. It conducts research programmes in astronomy and astrophysics, atmospheric sciences and aeronomy, solar system, Earth sciences and theoretical physic. It was founded in November 1947 by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. It is located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

Month:  Categories: Science & Technology

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