Current Affairs – June, 2019

Latest Current Affairs June, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of June, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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29 June: National Statistics Day

National Statistics Day is observed every year on 29 June to popularize use of Statistics in everyday life and sensitize public as to how Statistics helps in shaping and framing policies. 2019 is the 13th edition of National Statistics Day.

About National Statistics Day

Objective: To create public awareness among people about importance of statistics in daily life and in process of planning and development.

Theme for 2019 National Statistics Day- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Why 29 June?

NSD is celebrated annually on occasion of Birth anniversary of India’s eminent statistician, Late Prof Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, in recognition of his invaluable contribution in establishing National Statistical System. The day also commemorates contributions made by Mahalanobis in fields of statistics and economic planning.

Celebrations: To mark the occasion a series of events have been planned across India. Winner of Prof. C R Rao Award 2019 for notable contribution in field of Statistics was felicitated during the program on occasion of day held in New Delhi. Also winners of All India level ‘On the Spot Essay Writing Competition’ for Post Graduate Students on subject relevant to Statistics organized at were also felicitated.

About PC Mahalanobis

He was an Indian scientist and applied statistician who lived from 29 June 1893 to 28 June 1972. He became 1st Indian statistician to receive world recognition and is called as Father of Indian Statistics.

He is also referred as chief architect of Indian statistical system.

Establishments:

In 1931 he established Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Kolkata and contributed to design of large-scale sample surveys. In 1933 institute founded journal Sankhya, 1st Indian statistical journal, along the lines of Karl Pearson’s Biometrika. In 1959 ISI was made an autonomous body of Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoS&PI).

After 1947 (Post-independence), he served as the honorary statistical adviser to cabinet and helped in establishment of Central Statistical Organisation (CSO), the National Sample Survey (NSS) and the Annual Survey of Industries (ASI).

He had made pioneering studies in anthropometry India but in 1936 he introduced statistical measure called Mahalanobis distance, widely used in cluster analysis and classification techniques for which he is widely known.

He was also a member of the 1st Planning commission (1951-56) of free India. The II Five Year Plan (1957-62) relied on Mahalanobis’s mathematical description of Indian economy and this plan encouraged development of heavy industry in India and later came to be known as Basic Industry strategy of economic Growth or Nehru-Mahalanobis Model.

NALCO to get President’s award for excellent CSR in social development

National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO), an Odisha-based Navaratna Company has been selected for President’s award for utilisation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) fund in social development. NALCO was selected for its Aliali Jhia Scheme.

About Aliali Jhia

In 2015 NALCO started a scheme called Aliali Jhia. The scheme was on the line of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao to adapt and promote the poor and talented girls for education.

It aimed to promote the education of Girls of BPL (Below Poverty Line) families.

Under this scheme, NALCO adopted 416 girls from BPL families of 66 villages in Anugul and Koraput districts of Odisha. These girls are reading in 45 different schools and under this scheme Company is bearing all expenditure for education and promotion of talent from 8th to 10th class.

Scheme is now joined by employees of the company.

About National Aluminium Company Limited

NALCO is a Navratna CPSE (Central Public Sector Enterprises) under Union Ministry of Mines. Centre Government holds 52% equity of NALCO.

It was established in 1981, with its registered office at Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

It is one of the largest integrated primary producer of Aluminium in Asia.

It encompasses entire vale chain from bauxite mining, alumina refining, aluminium smelting and casting, power generation, rail and port operations.

What is Corporate Social Responsibility?

CSR is funding and grants process undertaken by corporate sector under which they provide financial and other support to Non-Profit Organisations (NGOs). Under Companies Act, 2013 it is a mandatory provision for companies to provide a contribution of 2% of average of their net profits.

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