Current Affairs – June, 2019

25 June: International Day of Seafarer observed

The International Day of the Seafarer is an annual and international event day which is celebrated worldwide on 25 June and is coordinated by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).

IMO celebrated the Day of the Seafarer 2019 with Campaign– I Am On Board with gender equality. Just like previous years, the campaign was centred on social media with hashtag: # IAmOnBoard.

About International Day of Seafarer

Background: The Day of the Seafarer was established in 2010 by resolution 19 adopted by 2010 Diplomatic Conference in Manila to adopt revised Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers (STCW)Convention,  1978. For the 1st time the day as observed in 2011 and since then it is being observed annually.

Objective:

The day celebrates and recognizes unique contribution made by seafarers globally to international seaborne trade, civil society and world economy.

The day also encourages governments, shipping organizations, companies, ship owners and all other parties concerned to duly and appropriately promote Day of the Seafarer and take action to celebrate it meaningfully.

Celebration:

IMO is celebrated the Day of the Seafarer by calling on everyone in maritime world and beyond to get on board with 2019’s theme of gender equality and declare their support to Seafarer campaign, which links with IMO World Maritime Day (26 September) theme, Empowering Women in the Maritime Community as well as supports the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals, specifically SDG 5.

About International Maritime Organization

IMO is the United Nations specialized agency which is responsible for regulating shipping, safety and security of shipping and prevention of marine pollution by ships.

It was established on 17 March 1948 and is headquartered in London, United Kingdom (UK).

Its Parent organization is United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

Fact Box: Freedom Fighter Mohan Ranade

Mohan Ranade, the Veteran freedom fighter who played a major role in Goa Liberation Movement in 1950s, recently died in Pune at 90 years of age.

About Mohan Ranade

He was born in 1929 at Sangli, Maharashtra. He was a lawyer by training and was greatly inspired by freedom fighters like Ganesh Damodar Savarkar and Vinayak Savarkar.

Fight for Goa: Ranade decided to dedicate his life to liberate Goa from clutches of Portuguese and thus he entered Goa in 1950 under disguise as a teacher and founded an organisation called Azad Gomantak Dal, which was to raise an armed revolt against Portuguese rule. He was injured during an attack on a police station at Beti in 1955 and was consequently arrested by Portuguese police.

After being arrested by Portuguese police in 1955, he was imprisoned at Fort of Caxias near Lisbon in Portugal where he was kept in solitary confinement for 6 years. Then in 1961 when Goa got liberated from Portuguese rule, Ranade was released in January 1969, after having spent 14 years in prison.

He received Goa Puraskar in 1986 for social work and was awarded the Padma Shri in 2001. He has also authored books on Goa liberation movement.

What is Goa Liberation Movement?

It was a movement which was aimed to end Portuguese colonial rule in Goa, India.

Initially, the movement was built on small scale revolts and uprisings of 19th century but grew powerful during 1940-1961 periods. In the end Portuguese control of its Indian colonies ended only when after failure of diplomacy with Portuguese, Government of India ordered Indian Armed Forces to take Goa by force.

Thus on 18 and 19 December 1961 military operation were conducted in which Indian troops invaded and captured Goa with little resistance. The governor-general of Portuguese India signed an instrument of surrender and incorporated Portuguese territories into Indian Union.